Subgenotype D5, BCP and MHR mutations in hepatic complications among hepatitis B virus infected patients from Orissa, India.

ICMR Virus Unit, Kolkata, ID & BG Hospital Campus, Kolkata, India.
Infection, genetics and evolution: journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases (Impact Factor: 3.22). 07/2012; 12(8):1622-1629. DOI: 10.1016/j.meegid.2012.06.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The study was undertaken to investigate the clinical implications of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes, basal core promoter (BCP), precore (PC) and surface gene mutations in HBV infected patients from Orissa, southeastern India. HBV infections were identified by serology testing and HBV DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction among the 152 patients. After sequencing, surface gene mutation were studied by sequence analysis as well as by using BLOSUM scores and BCP mutations were studied only by sequence analysis. A high proportion of HBV/D5 (66.0%) was found among the study samples having significant relation with liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients (p<0.05). The BCP mutation, TA (81.4%) and C1753/TA (75.0%) was found in significant proportion (p<0.05) among HCC cases and in fact a gradual increase in these mutations were noted between inactive carriers (IC) to HCC group and also showed higher viral load. An increasing trend of major hydrophilic region (MHR) mutations in S gene was also observed from IC (56.0%) to chronic liver disease (CLD) (60.4%) to LC (72.4%) to HCC (95.0%) patients. In conclusion, our study suggests that the predominant HBV subgenotype HBV/D5 with high viral load and BCP mutations (double and triple) and high mutations in MHR region was significantly associated with advanced liver disease (LC and HCC) and might act as predictor of severe hepatic complications.

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    ABSTRACT: To molecularly characterize hepatitis B virus (HBV) isolates from Kerala and to relate them to the clinical manifestation of infection. Sera and clinical data were collected from 91 patients diagnosed with chronic HBV infection and HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBV from 44 HCC, 22 cirrhotic and 25 chronic hepatitis patients were genotyped by sequencing of the complete S region or by restriction fragment length polymorphism assays. The basic core promoter/precore region was sequenced. The complete surface DNA sequences were assembled and aligned manually, and then compared with the sequences of HBV of genotypes (A-J) from GenBank. The evolutionary history was inferred using the Neighbor-Joining method and the evolutionary distances computed using the Kimura 2-parameter method. Bootstrapping was performed using 1000 replicates. The TaqMan BS-1 probe was used to quantify HBV DNA at a lower detection limit of approximately 20 IU/mL. Continuous variables were compared using an independent Student's t test. The χ(2) test or Fisher's exact test was used to compare categorical variables. The differences were considered statistically significant at P < 0.05. Irrespective of disease status, the predominant genotype was A (72%); 95% belonging to subgenotype A1, followed by genotypes D (27%) and C (1%). HCC patients infected with subgenotype A1 were significantly younger than those infected with D. Mutation A1762T/G1764A was significantly associated with HCC in both genotypes A and D. Mutation G1862T was more frequent in subgenotype A1 (P < 0.0001), and in combination with A1762T/G1764A, it was significantly associated with HBV from HCC patients. Mutation C1766T/T1768A was significantly associated with genotype A (P = 0.05) and HCC (P = 0.03). The preS2 start codon M1T/I mutation was unique to genotype A strains (15.6%) from all disease groups and occurred at a higher frequency in isolates from HCC patients (P = 0.076). A higher frequency of preS deletion mutants (33.3%) was observed in genotype A from HCC compared with non-HCC patients, but did not reach statistical significance. The preS2:F22L mutation was found in genotypes A and D. Kerala is the first Indian state in which subgenotype A1 has been found to predominate in liver disease patients who developed HCC at a relatively young age.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2013; 19(48):9294-306. · 2.43 Impact Factor


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May 22, 2014