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Available from: Gregory W Heath, Aug 22, 2015
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    • "Recent evidence has shown that children who engage in high levels of physical activity (PA) are at a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity, Type II Diabetes, cancer and other chronic illness [1]. It has been suggested that for health improvements to occur reducing the risks of premature death and the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), physical activity should be made a public health priority throughout the world [2]. It is estimated that less than 20% of children globally [3] [4] and less than 50% of children in Ireland [5] meet public health guidelines which recommend that children aged 5– 17 years should accumulate at least 60 min of moderate-tovigorous physical activity (MVPA) every day [4]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Recent evidence demonstrates that children are not engaging in the recommended 60mins of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day. Physical activity (PA) interventions have been acknowledged by the WHO (2010) as a key strategy to increase the PA levels of children. School has been recognised as a primary location for reaching the majority of children and providing PA opportunities for them. However, the sedentary nature of lessons carried out in the classroom has been identified as a contributing factor to physical inactivity among this age group. To develop and evaluate a classroom-based intervention which integrates PA and academic content, and evaluate its effects on the PA levels of children aged 8-11 in Ireland. Active Classrooms is an 8-week classroom based intervention guided by the behaviour change wheel (BCW) framework (Michie et al. 2011) that will be evaluated using a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT). Study measures will be taken at baseline, during the final week of the intervention and at follow-up after 4months. The primary outcome is minutes of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity during school time objectively assessed using accelerometers (Actigraph). Teachers' perceptions on the effectiveness and use of the intervention and students' enjoyment of the programme will be evaluated post intervention. Changing teacher behaviour towards using physically active teaching methods may increase the moderate to vigorous physical activity levels of their students. Therefore, the results of this study may have important implications for the health of children both now and into the future. Trial Registration: ISRCTN14265493. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Contemporary Clinical Trials 02/2015; 41. DOI:10.1016/j.cct.2015.01.019 · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    • "189, italics added). However, this is difficult to reconcile with a statement on the second page, where Hallal et al. (2012) claim that 'For millennia, exercise has been recommended by physicians and scholars' (p. 190, italics added). "
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    ABSTRACT: In July 2012, The Lancet announced a pandemic of physical inactivity and a global call to action to effect change. The worldwide pandemic is said to be claiming millions of lives every year. Asserting that physical inactivity is pandemic is an important moment. Given the purported scale and significance of physical inactivity around the world, this research examines how the pandemic is rhetorically constructed and how various solutions are proposed. We apply a governmentality perspective to examine the continuity, coherence and appropriateness of ideas about physical activity. The analysis demonstrates that within The Lancet, there is disunity about what is known about physical activity, problematic claims of ‘abnormality’ and contradictions in the proposed deployment of a systems approach to solve the problem. The article concludes by suggesting that as knowledge produced about physical activity grows, scholars need to beware of nostalgic conceptions of physical activity, account for the immense diversity of lived experiences which do not abide by idealistic recommendations and consider more rigorously contentious claims about physical activity programme effects.
    Sport Education and Society 02/2014; DOI:10.1080/13573322.2014.882301 · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    • "In the same perspective, Hallal et al. (2012) showed that in Brazil the sedentary lifestyle accounts for 13.2% of all deaths related to heart problems, diabetes and breast and colon cancer. In addition to disease prevention, physical activity has a impact on psychological aspects, such as mental well-being and quality of life (Nelson et al., 2007; Powell, Paluch, & Blair, 2011; WHO, 2009, 2010). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to identify the prevalence and correlates of meeting the current physical activity for health (PAfH) guidelines, proposed by the World Health Organization in 2010, in community-dwelling older women from Brazil. A cross-sectional study was performed with 1806 women (aged 60.0-92.7 years) who were randomly selected from eighteen care centers. The short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to determine the weekly time spent in physical activities, and this variable was categorized into three categories (0<150min/wk; 1: 150-299.9min/wk; 2: ≥300min/wk). Age, race/ethnicity, economic class, education level, occupational and marital status, body mass index and blood pressure status, medical conditions, use of medications, and self-rated health status were the potential correlates. The ordinal logistic regression was used as a measure of association. From the total group of participants, 49.9% followed the current recommendations related to basic health benefits (150-299min/wk), and 35.9% met the guidelines for additional health effects (300 or more min/wk). Women with secondary complete education (OR=1.43, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.17-1.74), positive self-rated health (OR=5.25, 95% CI: 2.10-13.09), and high blood pressure (OR=1.33, 95% CI: 1.09-1.62) were more likely to meet the current PAfH guidelines than their peers with primary incomplete education, negative self-rated health, and normal blood pressure. Increasing age was inversely associated with meeting the PAfH guidelines (odds ranging: 0.77-0.48). These results highlighted the elderly population subgroups, in a developing country, that needspecific guidelinesfor inclusion inhealth programs andmotivation toparticipate in physical activities.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 01/2013; 56(3). DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2012.12.003 · 1.53 Impact Factor
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