Effects of l-arginine immobilization on the anticoagulant activity and hemolytic property of polyethylene terephthalate films
ABSTRACT Surface modification of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films was performed with l-arginine (l-Arg) to gain an improved anticoagulant surface. The surface chemistry changes of modified films were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The in vitro anticoagulant activities of the surface-modified PET films were evaluated by blood clotting test, hemolytic test, and the measurement of clotting time including plasma recalcification time (PRT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and prothrombin time (PT). The data of blood coagulation index (BCI) for l-arginine modified PET films (PET-Arg) was larger than that for PET at the same blood-sample contact time. The hemolysis ratio for PET-Arg was less than that for PET and within the accepted standard for biomaterials. The PRT and APTT for PET-Arg were significantly prolonged by 189 s and 25 s, respectively, compared to those for the unmodified PET. All results suggested that the currently described modification method could be a possible candidate to create antithrombogenic PET surfaces which would be useful for further medical applications.
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ABSTRACT: Poly(ethylene terephthalate)(PET) film was exposed to oxygen plasma glow discharge to produce peroxides on its surfaces. These peroxides were then used as catalysts for the polymerization of acrylic acid (AA) in order to prepare a carboxylic acid group-introduced PET (PET-AA). Insulin and heparin co-immobilized PET (PET-I-H) was prepared by the grafting of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) on to PET-AA, followed by reaction first with insulin and then heparin. These surface-modified PETs were characterized by attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy, electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA), and a contact angle goniometer. The concentration of the heparin (1.23 μg/cm2) bound to the PEO-grafted PET (PET-PEO) was higher than that (0.77 μg/cm2) on the insulin-immobilized PET (PET-In). The blood compatibilities of the surface-modified PETs were examined using in vitro thrombus formation, plasma recalcification time (PRT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and platelet adhesion and activation. In the experiment with plasma proteins, the PRT and APTT were significantly prolonged for both the heparin-immobilized PET (PET-He) and the PET-I-H, suggesting the binding of immobilized heparin to antithrombin III. The percentage of platelet adhesion slightly increased with the introduction of AA on the PET surfaces, decreased with the introduction of PEO and insulin, and decreased further with the immobilization of heparin. The release of serotonin was highly suppressed on PET-He and PET-I-H, and on surface-modified PETs the percentage of its release increased with an increase in platelet adhesion.Biomaterials 02/2000; · 8.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hydrogels (hylans) based on cross-linked hyaluronan (HA) are potentially good biomaterials for vascular tissue engineering applications because they are highly non-antigenic and -immunogenic. To facilitate surface endothelialization, vital to vascular deployment, we irradiated the gel surface with low wavelength UV light. This process micro-textures the smooth gel surface to provide sites for cell anchorage and causes limited scission of native long-chain HA yielding smaller fragments that elicit an enhanced cell response. In the current in vitro study, we assessed the effects of UV irradiation on the short-term (<45 min) interaction between hylan gels and human blood cells (RBCs, platelets) and coagulation proteins at physiologic temperature. Although the lowered hydrophilicity of irradiated (UV) hylans elicited greater vascular cell response relative to unmodified (U) hylans, platelet deposition was unaffected and much lower compared to collagen-coated glass controls. The adhered platelets were rounded or mildly pseudopodic and did not express p-selectin, an activation marker. Both gel types induced identical, and minimal platelet release as measured using an platelet factor 4 ELISA, and identically deferred the intrinsic and extrinsic coagulation pathways. Both gel types induced elevated levels of contact activation of bound, but not plasma-phase factor XII relative to controls. Hemolysis rates were also identical and within accepted standards. We conclude that UV-treatment of hylans, useful to improve surface endothelialization, does not compromise their short-term hemocompatibility, vital to their use as vascular implant materials.Biomaterials 04/2006; 27(8):1416-24. · 8.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess the benefits of nitric oxide (NO)-releasing sol-gels as potential antibacterial coatings for orthopedic devices, medical-grade stainless steel is coated with a sol-gel film of 40% N-aminohexyl-N-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane and 60% isobutyltrimethoxysilane. Upon converting the diamine groups in these films to diazeniumdiolate NO donors, the NO release from the sol-gel-coated stainless steel is evaluated at both ambient and physiological temperature. Sol-gel films incubated at 25 degrees C have a lower NO flux over the first 24 h compared to those at 37 degrees C, but release more than five times longer. The bacterial adhesion resistance of NO-releasing coatings is evaluated in vitro by exposing bare steel, sol-gel, and NO-releasing sol-gel-coated steel to cell suspensions of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Staphylococcus epidermidis at 25 degrees C and 37 degrees C. Cell adhesion to bare and sol-gel-coated steel is similar, while NO-releasing surfaces have significantly less bacterial adhesion for all species and temperatures investigated.Biomaterials 04/2005; 26(8):917-24. · 8.31 Impact Factor