GasFET for the detection of reducing gases

Department of Atomic Physics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapeŝto, Budapest, Hungary
Sensors and Actuators B Chemical (Impact Factor: 3.84). 11/2005; DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2005.06.041

ABSTRACT A new gas sensor technology based on the signal read out of the work function change on sensitive films of thin or thick film SnO2 or Ga2O3 is used for the detection of reducing gases. The thick films are catalytic activated with Pd. The sensor device consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with suspended gate electrode prepared in hybrid flip chip technology (HFC-FET).Measurements with a Kelvin probe for testing the sensitive properties of the films and with complete assembled GasFET were performed. The SnO2 thick films activated with Pd show a high sensitivity to CO, hence concentrations lower than 1 vpm can be detected. The sensor response decreases with increasing temperature. A high cross sensitivity to oxygen and humidity is found only for very low oxygen concentrations (∼0 vol.%) or low humidity (∼0% r.h.). Thick films of SnO2 show a similar behavior to changes in the gas atmosphere in measurements performed using the Kelvin probe and with completely assembled GasFET sensors.

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