[A clinico-pathological comparison between Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis and IgA nephropathy in children].
ABSTRACT To study the difference in clinico-pathological features between IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) in children.
The medical data of 103 children with HSPN and 61 children with IgAN were retrospectively studied.
There were no significant differences in age, sex and disease course between the HSPN and IgAN groups (P>0.05). Clinical classification demonstrated that more severe conditions were found in the IgAN group than in the HSPN group and gross hematuria was more common in the IgAN group (P<0.05). Serum creatinine and cholesterol levels were higher in the IgAN group than in the HSPN group (P<0.05). Fibrinogen-related antigen deposition was more common in the HSPN group, while complement 3(C3) deposition was more common in the IgAN group. Interstitial fibrosis, tubular casts and tubular inflammatory infiltration were also more common in the IgAN group (P<0.05).
Significant clinico-pathological differences can be found between HSPN and IgAN in children, and these differences do not support a one disease entity hypothesis.
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ABSTRACT: Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) and IgA nephropathy (IgAN) are similar syndromes. We aimed to determine whether the crescent formation/immunocomplex in glomeruli is associated with the differences of the biochemical indexes between HSPN and IgAN. We investigated the medical records of 137 HSPN cases and 41 IgAN cases from January 2009 to April 2014 in Nanjing Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. The clinical and pathological data were analyzed and compared between HSPN and IgAN. HSPN patients had markedly higher levels of blood white blood cell (WBC), hemoglobulin (Hb) and platelet (PLT), lower levels of hematuria, blood nitrogen (BUN) and C4 compared with IgAN cases. Crescents formation and C3 deposition in the kidney did not affect these differences. Significantly lower levels of hematuria, blood IgG, IgM and C4 in HSPN compared with IgAN cases were observed among patients with IgG deposition. Markedly higher levels of WBC and Hb, lower levels of hematuria, creatinine (Cr), C4 in HSPN compared with IgAN cases were observed among patients with IgM deposition. No marked differences of the biochemical indexes were noted between HSPN and IgAN cases among patients with C1q deposition. Markedly higher levels of WBC and Hb, lower level of blood C4 in HSPN compared with IgAN cases were observed among patients with fibrogen deposition. The different levels of biochemical indexes at presentation between HSPN and IgAN may be associated with the deposition of IgG, IgM, C1q and fibrogen in the kidney.International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2015; 8(3):2334-42.