Contact angle hysteresis on rough hydrophobic surface

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States
Colloids and Surfaces A Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (Impact Factor: 2.75). 11/2004; 248(1-3):101-104. DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2004.09.006


In this short note, we report a quantitative investigation of the hysteresis of the Cassie and Wenzel drops on a given rough surface. The Cassie drop shows much less hysteresis compared to a Wenzel drop and is therefore preferred in applications involving moving droplets. The experimental measurements are compared with the various theoretical models for the apparent contact angles and recommendations are made.

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    • "If the energy required to form a unit area of solid-liquid interface is higher than the energy required to form the liquid-air interface, the drop will continue to spread on the solid surface (Cassie 1948). However, the roughness of the solid surface could affect the interaction of the liquid with the solid surface (He et al. 2004). Therefore, the spread of the liquid drop depends on the surface energy of the liquid and the solid surface as well as the surface roughness. "
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have shown that the sessile drop approach is a reliable method to measure contact angles on asphalt pavement materials. The measured contact angles, in turn, are utilized for computing the surface energy properties of asphalt binders and aggregates. Based on the surface energy and bonding strength characteristics of the materials, appropriate aggregates can be selected to construct pavements that are resistant to moisture damage. In this approach, surface roughness could be an important factor that could affect the contact angle measurements on aggregates. The main objective of the present study is to determine the differences in contact angle measurements on a limestone aggregate at different levels of surface roughness. Initially, contact angle measurements were conducted on selected points on the unpolished surface of the limestone specimen. Later, the same specimen was subjected to different stages of polishing using silicon carbide grits. At each stage, the contact angle measurements were repeated, as well as surface roughness was measured using a 2D profilometer. It was observed that there was a change in the contact angle measurements as the roughness of the surface decreased with polishing.
    Geo-Hubei 2014 International Conference on Sustainable Civil Infrastructure; 06/2014
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    • "The rolling resistance torque on the particle arises from a combination of two distinct effects: (1) a difference in contact angles at the point where the film interface attaches to the particle front and rear due to contact angle hysteresis and (2) fluid transported from the front to the rear of the particle due to viscous shear associated with the rolling motion. Contact angle hysteresis, associated with a difference between the contact angles observed for advancing and receding contact lines (Lam et al. 2001), is thought to arise from a variety of effects, including surface roughness and chemical heterogeneity (Choi et al. 2009; He et al. 2004; Marmur 1994; Schwartz 1998) and evaporation/adsorption processes (Diaz et al. 2010; Extrand 1998; Extrand and Kumagai 1997; Schwartz 1980). The latter process is often referred to as ''intrinsic'' hysteresis to emphasize the fact that it does not require surface heterogeneities. "
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    ABSTRACT: A theoretical analysis was developed for the capillary torque acting on a spherical particle rolling on a flat surface in the presence of a thin liquid film. The capillary number (the ratio of viscous force to surface tension force) is assumed to be sufficiently small that the liquid bridge has a circular cross-section. The theory identifies two mechanisms for capillary torque. The first mechanism results from the rearward shift of the liquid bridge in the presence of particle rolling, which causes the line of action of the pressure force within the liquid bridge to be located behind the particle centroid, inducing a torque that resists particle rolling. The second mechanism results from the contact angle asymmetry on the advancing and receding sides of the rolling particle, which leads to a net torque on the particle arising from the tangential component of the surface tension force. Estimates for these two types of capillary torque are obtained using experimental data, and correlations for both torques are obtained in the form of power-law fits as functions of the capillary number. When combined with a standard expression for viscous torque on a rolling particle, the capillary torque expressions are found to yield predictions for particle terminal velocity that are in good agreement with experimental data for a particle rolling down an inclined surface.
    Chemical Engineering Science 04/2014; 108:87–93. DOI:10.1016/j.ces.2014.01.003 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    • "[1] The effect of morphology on wettability of rough surfaces has been studied through a variety of surfaces with different morphologies. [2] [3] [4] For example, surfaces with microscale square pillars are made to prove that water drops can be at different state on the same surface, [5] it is reported that the parallel grooves on the solid surface have great influence on the anisotropic wetting behavior , [6] [7] and circular pillars of 5–15 mm diameter are also fabricated on the solid surface, which have proved to be of great importance on the evaporation mechanism of water drops. [8] The controlled patterning of hydrophilic areas on superhydrophobic substrates could also be used in the expanding area of microfluidics , generating open structures on which liquids could be guided through channels by surface tension. "
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    ABSTRACT: Hydrophobic surfaces have gained extensive attention in recent decades for their potential applications. The hydrophobic properties of dragonfly's (Pantala flavescens) wings were measured, and the water contact angles (WCAs) of the distal and basal part of a dragonfly's wing were 134.9° and 125.8°, respectively. Images obtained by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy showed the microstructures and nanostructures on the wing surface. Microstructures appeared as cell block patterns, and the size of the blocks decreased from the basal to distal part. However, no significant differences of chemical composition between the two parts were detected by X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy. To understand the correlation between the structures and WCA, a double roughness structure model was built theoretically with simplified lattice patterns, and the theoretical model was well fitted with empirical wettability of the dragonfly's wing. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Surface and Interface Analysis 02/2013; 45(2). DOI:10.1002/sia.5105 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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