Thirty years of judicial retention elections: An update
ABSTRACT This article updates prior reports on the empirical patterns and trends in judicial retention elections. The 3,912 elections encompass both major trial court and appellate court elections in ten states for the period from 1964 through 1994. Reported trends include declines in the affirmative vote, rolloff, and voter differentiation among individual judges. Detailed analysis of defeated judges indicates that regular retention voters quickly remove judges from the bench without any negative consequences for other judges on the ballot.
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- "First, the average vote for the winning candidate in retention elections is significantly higher than the average vote for the winning candidate in both partisan and nonpartisan elections. Aspin et al. (2000) "
ABSTRACT: The election of judges has been an enduring, though controversial, institution. While there have been many popular accounts of how these elections are decided by factors irrelevant to a fair and impartial judiciary, recent scholarship has shown that electoral competition in races for the state high court bench can be understood in systematic ways. Yet, while we know the factors that can make races more or less competitive, we lack understanding of the factors that contribute to the electoral defeat of sitting justices. In this paper, I examine the determinants of electoral defeat for all incumbent state supreme court justices who ran for reelection between 1990-2000. Contrary to the arguments of those who claim that judicial elections are decided in a random, nonsystematic manner, I find that the probability of an incumbent being defeated is based on characteristics of the candidates, the state and electoral context, and institutional arrangements.American Politics Research 09/2007; 33(6). DOI:10.1177/1532673X04273414 · 0.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Most of the studies of voter behavior have dealt with voter turnout, but few have looked at other aspects of voting behavior that could be linked to balloting method. A reasonable amount of information has now accumulated about the impact of the shift from polling place elections to voting by mail on turnout, rolloff, drop-off, differences in voting for partisan offices and referenda, and differences in straight-ticket voting. This article analyzes recent time series of voting data in Oregon to assess the impact of the shift in voting method on these issues. The analysis includes data at the state, county, precinct, and individual levels, including individual ballots. The results suggest new criteria for evaluating shifts from one voting method to another that may be applied to other electoral reforms, such as those that will result from the Help America Vote Act.American Politics Research 07/2004; 32(4):375-405. DOI:10.1177/1532673X04263412 · 0.71 Impact Factor