A simple process for chemical vapor deposition of ultra SD single wall carbon
nanotubes has been developed. In this process, an iron nitrate nonahydrate
solution in isopropyl alcohol with a concentration of 400 ug/mlit was used to
catalyze nanoparticles formation on an oxidized silicon wafer. The oxide on the
substrate was made of a thick layer of wet oxide sandwiched between tow thin
layers of dry oxide. The process results in semiconducting single-walled carbon
nanotubes (SWNTs) with diameter of less than 0.7nm and more than 1ev band gap
energy, which are amongst the smallest diameters of SWNTs ever reported.
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"SWNTs have diameters ranging from about 0.7 nm to about 1 nm, but their synthesis with diameters of less than 0.7 nm using iron nitrate has been reported.63 MWNTs have a larger diameter, which can be 4–30 nm.64,65 "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In recent years, significant progress has been made in organ transplantation, surgical reconstruction, and the use of artificial prostheses to treat the loss or failure of an organ or bone tissue. In recent years, considerable attention has been given to carbon nanotubes and collagen composite materials and their applications in the field of tissue engineering due to their minimal foreign-body reactions, an intrinsic antibacterial nature, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and the ability to be molded into various geometries and forms such as porous structures, suitable for cell ingrowth, proliferation, and differentiation. Recently, grafted collagen and some other natural and synthetic polymers with carbon nanotubes have been incorporated to increase the mechanical strength of these composites. Carbon nanotube composites are thus emerging as potential materials for artificial bone and bone regeneration in tissue engineering.
International Journal of Nanomedicine 08/2012; 7:4511-29. DOI:10.2147/IJN.S33612 · 4.38 Impact Factor
"properties          . Advances in synthesis procedures have recently enabled tight control of the diameter of CNTs down to 1.6 nm and lengths up to a few centimeters     . Such controlled synthesis techniques have led to the recent discovery of high water fluxes through CNT membranes  , opening the possibility of using such CNT membranes for RO . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Desalination of seawater and brackish water is becoming an increasingly important means to address the scarcity of fresh water resources in the world. Decreasing the energy requirements and infrastructure costs of existing desalination technologies remains a challenge. By enabling the manipulation of matter and control of transport at nanometer length scales, the emergence of nanotechnology offers new opportunities to advance water desalination technologies. This review focuses on nanostructured materials that are directly involved in the separation of water from salt as opposed to mitigating issues such as fouling. We discuss separation mechanisms and novel transport phenomena in materials including zeolites, carbon nanotubes, and graphene with potential applications to reverse osmosis, capacitive deionization, and multi-stage flash, among others. Such nanostructured materials can potentially enable the development of next-generation desalination systems with increased efficiency and capacity.