Article

[Catheter ablation of focal atrial tachycardia:the topographic distribution and long-term outcome].

Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 03/2012; 40(3):231-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To explore the topographic distribution and long-term outcome of catheter ablation for focal atrial tachycardia (AT).
The data of 207 patients who underwent electrophysiologic study for AT were retrospectively analyzed.
A total of 200 AT were identified in 185 patients. The most common site for AT was ostium of the coronary sinus (23.8%), followed by crista terminalis (20.5%), perinodal area (20.0%), cava vena (17.8%), annulus (13.0%), and appendage (10.3%). Eighty percent AT originated from the right atrium, 17.8% originated from the left atrium. AT originated from the left atrium was more common in male than in female (25.0% vs. 13.3%, P = 0.042), while AT originated from the right atrium was more common in female than in male (69.4% vs. 86.7%, P = 0.004). Among the 185 patients, acute success ablation rate was 93.5% (n = 173). The acute success rate in the conventional mapping group was lower than that in the three-dimensional mapping group (79.3% vs. 96.5%, P < 0.01). During a median of 36 months follow up, the AT recurred in 20 patients (success ablation rate 88.4%). Success ablation rate was similar between the conventional mapping group and the three-dimensional mapping group (P > 0.05).
Focal AT commonly originates from ostium of coronary sinus, crystal terminalis, perinodal area, and cava veins. There is a gender related difference in the distribution of focal AT. The radiofrequency catheter ablation yields a satisfying success rate and very low complication rate and could be the first line choice for treating ATs in experienced electrophysiological center.

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