Quality of vascular surgery Web sites on the Internet

Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: .
Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter (Impact Factor: 2.98). 07/2012; 56(5):1461-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvs.2012.04.058
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study evaluated the readability, accessibility, usability, and reliability of vascular surgery information on the Internet in the English language.
The Google, Yahoo, and MSN/Bing search engines were searched for "carotid endarterectomy," "EVAR or endovascular aneurysm repair," and "varicose veins or varicose veins surgery." The first 50 Web sites from each search engine for each topic were analyzed. The Flesch Reading Ease Score and Gunning Fog Index were calculated to assess readability. The LIDA tool (Minervation Ltd, Oxford, UK) was used to assess accessibility, usability, and reliability.
The Web sites were difficult to read and comprehend. The mean Flesch Reading Ease scores were 53.53 for carotid endarterectomy, 50.53 for endovascular aneurysm repair, and 58.59 for varicose veins. The mean Gunning Fog Index scores were 12.3 for carotid endarterectomy, 12.12 for endovascular aneurysm repair, and 10.69 for varicose veins. The LIDA values for accessibility were good, but the results for usability and reliability were poor.
Internet information on vascular surgical conditions and procedures is poorly written and unreliable. We suggest that health professionals should recommend Web sites that are easy to read and contain high-quality surgical information. Medical information on the Internet must be readable, accessible, usable, and reliable.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Investigate the quality of data available on the internet with respect to pain after orthognathic surgery. A careful search was conducted on the Internet in December, 2012. The most accessed websites browsers were employed for research using the terms: "pain" and "orthognathic surgery" together. The first 30 results of each portal were examined, and after applying the exclusion criteria, 29 sites remained. All remaining websites went through an evaluation process with online tools that investigated the quality, level of reading, accessibility, usability and reliability. Assessment criteria outcomes were considered unfavorable. Texts were considered difficult to read with inappropriate language for the general public. The mean global validation for the 29 websites of the LIDA instrument was 65.10, thereby indicating a structure of medium quality. Information about post-orthognathic surgery pain available on the internet is poorly written and unreliable. Therefore, candidates for orthognathic surgery must seek information from specialists who, in turn, should indicate reliable sources.
    12/2014; 19(6):86-92. DOI:10.1590/2176-9451.19.6.086-092.oar
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study assessed the readability and quality of websites related to; total hip replacement, total knee replacement and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using validated instruments. 225 websites were analyzed from Google, Yahoo and Bing. Readability was assessed using the Flesch Reading Ease Score and Flesch-Kincaid grade level. Quality was assessed using the LIDA tool, HON-code status and an original assessment tool. Only 13.7% were set at or below the recommended 6th grade readability level. 27.35% were HON-code certified. There was a wide variation in quality scores between websites and the information relating to the three procedures was inconsistent and generally of poor quality. Given the deficit in information it is important Orthopaedic surgeons provide patients with high quality, readable information or direct them to an appropriate source.
    Acta orthopaedica Belgica 06/2014; 80(2):153-60. · 0.57 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background The exponential increase in internet use has transformed the healthcare provider-patient relationship. There is a need to guide patients. This study analyses the information available, clinicians approach and patients' experiences. Methods An internet search, “breast reconstruction after mastectomy” was performed on Google and Bing search engines. The first 100 sites on each search were analysed. Target audience, provider and readability were assessed. Modified Health on the Net criterion was used to assess quality. Additionally clinicians and patients were surveyed about their experiences. Results Private companies dominated, accounting for 67% of sites, the majority advertised private healthcare groups. Of “information pages”, 16% were government sites and 9% were from professional bodies but 28% were private. Blogs had high rates of surreptitious advertising. Patients wanted guidance on which sites to use. Endorsed sites were commonly recommended and used despite only accounting for 13 of the 100 sites. Conclusion The internet is a powerful tool for disseminating information. There is a wide variety of information presented on breast reconstruction following mastectomy from a range of providers with different interests. Patients should not only be provided with a list of internet resources but also counselled on the types of information they may encounter.
    The Breast 12/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2014.08.005 · 2.58 Impact Factor


Available from
May 28, 2014