Variation of Blood Transfusion in Patients Undergoing Major Noncardiac Surgery
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE:: To examine the hospital variability in use of red blood cells (RBCs), fresh-frozen plasma (FFP), and platelet transfusions in patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. BACKGROUND:: Blood transfusion is commonly used in surgical procedures in the United States. Little is known about the hospital variability in perioperative transfusion rates for noncardiac surgery. METHODS:: We used the University HealthSystem Consortium database (2006-2010) to examine hospital variability in use of allogeneic RBC, FFP, and platelet transfusions in patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. We used regression-based techniques to quantify the variability in hospital transfusion practices and to study the association between hospital characteristics and the likelihood of transfusion. RESULTS:: After adjusting for patient risk factors, hospital transfusion rates varied widely for patients undergoing total hip replacement (THR), colectomy, and pancreaticoduodenectomy. Compared with patients undergoing THR in average-transfusion hospitals, patients treated in high-transfusion hospitals have a greater than twofold higher odds of being transfused with RBCs [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.41; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.89-3.09], FFP (AOR = 2.81; 95% CI, 2.02-3.91), and platelets (AOR = 2.52; 95% CI, 1.95-3.25), whereas patients in low-transfusion hospitals have an approximately 50% lower odds of receiving RBCs (AOR = 0.45; 95% CI, 0.35-0.57), FFP (AOR = 0.37; 95% CI, 0.27-0.51), and platelets (AOR = 0.42; 95% CI, 0.29-0.62). Similar results were obtained for colectomy and pancreaticoduodenectomy. CONCLUSIONS:: There was dramatic hospital variability in perioperative transfusion rates among patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery at academic medical centers. In light of the potential complications of transfusion therapy, reducing this variability in hospital transfusion practices may result in improved surgical outcomes.
The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 11/2014; 96(21):1836-1844. DOI:10.2106/JBJS.N.00128 · 4.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background and Objectives To explore variation in red blood cell transfusion rates between hospitals, and the extent to which this can be explained. A secondary objective was to assess whether hospital transfusion rates are associated with maternal morbidity.Materials and Methods Linked hospital discharge and birth data were used to identify births (n = 279 145) in hospitals with at least 10 deliveries per annum between 2008 and 2010 in New South Wales, Australia. To investigate transfusion rates, a series of random-effects multilevel logistic regression models were fitted, progressively adjusting for maternal, obstetric and hospital factors. Correlations between hospital transfusion and maternal, neonatal morbidity and readmission rates were assessed.ResultsOverall, the transfusion rate was 1·4% (hospital range 0·6–2·9) across 89 hospitals. Adjusting for maternal casemix reduced the variation between hospitals by 26%. Adjustment for obstetric interventions further reduced variation by 8% and a further 39% after adjustment for hospital type (range 1·1–2·0%). At a hospital level, high transfusion rates were moderately correlated with maternal morbidity (0·59, P = 0·01), but not with low Apgar scores (0·39, P = 0·08), or readmission rates (0·18, P = 0·29).Conclusion Both casemix and practice differences contributed to the variation in transfusion rates between hospitals. The relationship between outcomes and transfusion rates was variable; however, low transfusion rates were not associated with worse outcomes.Vox Sanguinis 08/2014; DOI:10.1111/vox.12186 · 3.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the introduction of a Patient Blood Management (PBM) programme in elective orthopaedic surgery on immediate pre-operative anaemia, red blood cell (RBC) mass loss, and transfusion.