GnRH antagonist rescue in high responders at risk for OHSS results in excellent assisted reproduction outcomes
ABSTRACT Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist rescue is performed by replacing a GnRH agonist with a GnRH antagonist in patients with rapidly rising serum oestradiol who are at risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) during stimulation. It results in a rapid reduction in serum oestradiol, allowing for the avoidance of cycle cancellation and the continuation of exogenous gonadotrophin administration. A total of 387 patients who underwent GnRH antagonist rescue for ovarian hyperresponse were compared with 271 patients who did not receive GnRH antagonist rescue and had oestradiol concentrations >4000 pg/ml on the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) administration. GnRH antagonist rescue decreased the mean oestradiol concentration by 35% on the first day of use. There was no difference in oocyte maturity (82% versus 83%) or fertilization rate (69% versus 67%) between the antagonist rescue and comparison groups, respectively. The percentage of high-grade embryos on day 3 and the blastocyst development rate were also similar between groups. The live-birth rate was 41.9% in the antagonist rescue group and 36.9% in the comparison group. GnRH antagonist rescue enabled cycle completion with high live-birth rates in patients at risk for OHSS. GnRH antagonist was associated with high oocyte quality, blastocyst development and pregnancy. RBM Online (c) 2012, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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ABSTRACT: This research investigated the response of vascular active factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiotensin-II (AT-II) to ovarian stimulation during 24 hours in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In this clinical trial study, 52 patients with PCOS and 8 control cases were stimulated with human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) on the 4(th) to 7(th) day of the patients' natural or induced menstrual cycles. We measured VEGF and AT-II by radioimmunoassay before the injection (0 hour) and 3, 8, 12, 18 and 24 hours after the stimulation. After ovarian stimulation, there was substantially higher level of VEGF in typical PCOS patients than the other three groups at the 3 hour time point (p<0.05), while there were no significant differences in VEGF at all the other time points among the four groups. As for AT-II, before and at all time points after the ovarian stimulation, it seemed that the AT-II levels in patients' sera with different phenotypes of PCOS by the Rotterdam criteria were all higher than in the control group although the differences were not statistically significant. The level of AT-II in typical PCOS patients was also significantly higher than the other three groups at the 3 hour time point (p<0.05), while no significant differences at all the other time points among the four groups were observed. The response to the stimulation varied among patients with different phenotypes of PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria. Serum VEGF and AT-II were possible contributors to an increased risk of developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in patients with typical PCOS during the early follicular phase (3 hours) after ovarian stimulation ( NCT02265861).International journal of fertility & sterility 02/2015; 8(4):373-8. · 0.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Since the introduction of the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa) protocol, it has become possible to trigger final oocyte maturation with a bolus of GnRHa. This leads to a significant reduction or complete elimination of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome compared with human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) trigger. Early trials showed a severe luteal phase insufficiency after GnRHa trigger despite the application of standard luteal phase support protocols. Subsequent research has led to modifications of the luteal phase support, resulting in reproductive outcome comparable to that seen after HCG trigger in normal- and high-responders. GnRHa trigger facilitates a tailored approach to subsequent luteal phase support, taking into account the ovarian response to stimulation. In the future, GnRHa is likely to be used for trigger in all women co-treated with GnRH antagonists.Reproductive biomedicine online 09/2014; 29(3). DOI:10.1016/j.rbmo.2014.05.008 · 2.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the present pilot study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of Cetrotide administration in the early luteal phase in patients at high risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), undergoing embryo cryopreservation following superovulation. A total of 135 patients at high risk of OHSS and undergoing embryo cryopreservation were divided into two groups. In the treatment group (n=39), the patients received daily subcutaneous injections of 0.25 mg Cetrotide between days 1 and 5 following ooctye retrieval, and volume expansion and symptomatic treatment were also provided. In the control group (n=96), the patients received routine treatments, including volume expansion therapy. The serum steroid hormone concentrations of the patients were measured on days 2, 5 and 8 following ooctye retrieval, while the incidence of moderate or severe OHSS, self-evaluated clinical symptoms and various clinical indicators were recorded. The serum estradiol (E2), luteinizing hormone and progesterone levels in the treatment group on days 2, 5 and 8 following oocyte retrieval were not found to differ significantly when compared with the patients in the control group (P>0.05). The incidence of severe OHSS did not differ significantly between the two groups (P>0.05). The average length of hospital stay and length of luteal phase were not found to be significantly different between the treatment and control groups (P>0.05). In conclusion, Cetrotide injections in the early luteal phase did not alter the serum steroid levels of patients at high risk of OHSS undergoing embryo cryopreservation, and were unable to reduce the incidence of severe early OHSS. However, further randomized studies are required to evaluate the effectiveness of Cetrotide in the prevention of OHSS.Experimental and therapeutic medicine 12/2014; 8(6):1855-1860. DOI:10.3892/etm.2014.2005 · 0.94 Impact Factor