Article

A Review on Medicinal Properties of Lantana camara Linn

ABSTRACT The knowledge of traditional medicine and medicinal plants and their study of scientific chemical principles may lead to the discovery of newer and cheaper drugs. Lantana camara is well known to cure several diseases and used in various folk medicinal preparations. In last few decades, scientist and researchers around the globe have elaborately studied the chemical composition of whole plant of L. camara as well as biological pharmacological activities. These studies established the therapeutic potential of Lantana camara in modern medicines and a possible candidate for the drug discovery. The present review gives a bird's eye view on ethnobotany, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of L. camara.

6 Followers
 · 
1,555 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plants harbor endophytes, capable of producing metabolites and enzymes with functions similar to host plant extracts. An inventory of Lantana camara's endophytes could better explain the role played by extracts of this plant in its defense functions against pathogens. This study aimed at isolating and screening endophytic fungi from L. camara leaves for amylases, lipases and laccases production and for the production of some secondary metabolites using standard procedures. In-vitro culture techniques with Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) as culture medium were used to isolate endophytes from L. camara leaf tissues. Isolates identification were done using macroscopic and microscopic characteristics. Three endopyhtic fungi were isolated and labeled LI, LII, and LIII; LI and LII had a slimy texture and produced no reproductive structures (spores, conidia, septate hyphae etc) hence identified as mycelia sterilia. LIII was white, with an uneven surface growth, cottony dry aerial mycelium, visible hyphae with little branching and individual hyphae were septate, hence a Geotrichium sp. All isolates produced amylases and lipases while LIII solely produced laccase. The extract of LIII showed the presence of tannins and cardiac glycosides and absence of phenols and saponnins. The anti pathogenic roles of L. camara extract are thanks to the presence of endophytes in its tissues which produce enzymes that mediate plant defense functions as well as secondary metabolites with anti-pathogenic properties.