The effect of harpin protein on plant growth parameters, leaf chlorophyll, leaf colour and percentage rotten fruit of pepper plants inoculated with Botrytis cinerea
ABSTRACT In this study, harpin protein was applied to the peppers (Capsicum annuum L. var. cvs. ‘Demre’, ‘Yalova Charleston’ and ‘Sari Sivri’) grown under natural conditions. These plants were subjected to artificial inoculation with Botrytis cinerea, which causes fruit spoilage in peppers. Changes in vegetative growth, total chlorophyll content in leaves, leaf colour and percentage of rotten fruits were determined after treatments. The number of leaves per plant value was quite low in all cultivars and the plant height value was low only in cv. ‘Sari Sivri’ treated with B. cinerea. Values obtained from vegetative growth parameters in the plants subjected to harpin protein + B. cinerea treatment were only higher than B. cinerea treatment. Leaf chlorophyll values exhibited significant decline in the plants subjected to B. cinerea treatment in all cultivars. However, the chlorophyll content in the plants subjected to harpin protein + B. cinerea treatment was low. The colour values obtained from leaves supported the chlorophyll findings. Fruit spoilage percentages were lower in the fruits picked from the plants of harpin protein + B. cinerea treatment compared with those picked from the plants only subjected to B. cinerea treatment.
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ABSTRACT: In Navarra, Northern Spain, Verticillium dahliae Kleb. is one of the pathogens that causes drastic reductions in pepper production. The aim of this study therefore was to describe how infection by V. dahliae affects gas exchange during the flowering of pepper in order to determine some possible factors contributing to the significant decrease of plant yield. Verticillium was inoculated when plants had started flowering. The first leaf wilting symptoms appeared on day 18 after inoculation, but leaf water potential rapidly decreased after infection. The inoculated plants produced more flowers than the controls between 15 and 33 days after inoculation, but flower production declined after day 33. Inoculated plants also suffered more defoliation and chlorophyll degradation. Leaf conductance and photosynthesis clearly decreased in both groups of plants as a consequence of senescence, but the values in those inoculated were significantly lower. Results suggest that the decrease in photosynthesis was in part due to defoliation and chlorophyll degradation, as well as premature flower fall. These factors contributed to the negative effects of Verticillium infection on pepper yield.Journal of Phytopathology 05/2001; 149(5):281 - 286. · 1.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is an important component of plant defense against pathogen infection. Accumulation of salicylic acid (SA) is required for the induction of SAR. However, SA is apparently not the translocated signal but is involved in transducing the signal in target tissues. Interestingly, SA accumulation is not required for production and release of the systemic signal. In addition to playing a pivotal role in SAR signal transduction, SA is important in modulating plant susceptibility to pathogen infection and genetic resistance to disease. It has been proposed that SA inhibition of catalase results in H_2O_2 accumulation and that therefore H_2O_2 serves as a second messenger in SAR signaling. We find no accumulation of H_2O_2 in tissues expressing SAR; thus the role of H_2O_2 in SAR signaling is questionable.The Plant Cell 03/2000; 12(2):179-81. · 9.25 Impact Factor
Article: Systemic Acquired Resistance.The Plant Cell 11/1996; 8(10):1809-1819. · 9.25 Impact Factor