Article

Thermal stability and miscibility of poly(hydroxybutyrate) and soda lignin blends

Industrial Crops and Products (Impact Factor: 3.21). 11/2010; 32(3):656-661. DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2010.08.001

ABSTRACT The thermal properties and miscibility of poly(hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and soda lignin blends were investigated by thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) over the entire range of composition. Although the addition of soda lignin shifts the onset of PHB decomposition to lower temperatures, the PHB/lignin blends are thermally more stable than PHB over a wider temperature range. The thermal behaviour of these blends as measured by TGA suggests compatibility for the blends containing up to 40 wt% soda lignin. These results correlate well with the glass transition temperature (Tg) data where a single Tg was obtained for these blends. At higher lignin to PHB ratios, two Tgs depicting immiscibility were obtained. The infra-red data show that the miscibility of the blends containing up to 40 wt% soda lignin is associated with specific hydrogen bonding interactions between the reactive functional groups in lignin with the carbonyl groups of PHB.Research highlights▶ PHB/soda lignin blends are miscible up to 40 wt% lignin so that the Gordon–Taylor and Kwei equations are obeyed. ▶ The miscibility of PHB/soda lignin blends are due to the association between the OH groups of lignin and the carbonyl groups of PHB. ▶ Soda lignin reduces the initial PHB decomposition temperature though it stabilises PHB decomposition.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
88 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Isolated and purified organosolv eucalyptus wood lignin was depolymerized at different temperatures with and without mesostructured silica catalysts (i.e., SBA-15, MCM-41, ZrO2-SBA-15 and ZrO2-MCM-41). It was found that at 300 °C for 1 h with a solid/liquid ratio of 0.0175/1 (w/v), the SBA-15 catalyst with high acidity gave the highest syringol yield of 23.0% in a methanol/water mixture (50/50, wt/wt). Doping with ZrO2 over these catalysts did not increase syringol yield, but increased the total amount of solid residue. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) also identified other main phenolic compounds such as 1-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-ethanone, 1,2-benzenediol, and 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxy-benzaldehyde. Analysis of the lignin residues with Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) indicated decreases in the absorption bands intensities of OH group, CO stretching of syringyl ring and aromatic CH deformation of syringol unit, and an increase in band intensities associated with the guaiacyl ring, confirming the type of products formed.
    Bioresource Technology 03/2015; 180. · 5.04 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two types of lignin obtained from softwood (LB) and hardwood (LO) were employed for manufacturing polylactic acid (PLA) – based composites. The morphological changes, mechanical and thermal properties, as well as water uptake of composites were evaluated before and after accelerated weathering. The chemical structure of lignin has an important influence on the composite properties. The addition of lignins to PLA matrix determined an increase of the impact strength and thermal stability of PLA, a good adhesion being observed in SEM micrographs. After accelerated weathering, tensile and impact strength decreased for all samples, but slightly for PLA/lignin composites, while all composites recorded an increase of water sorption capacity, especially for PLA/LB material. The free surface energy increased after weathering for all materials. The obtained results offer an opportunity to design environmentally friendly materials containing lignin that present higher values than the raw material itself.
    Composites Part B Engineering 02/2015; 69. · 2.60 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) is a biodegradable polymer, whose applicability is limited by its relatively poor mechanical properties and narrow processing window. In this paper, a natural polyphenolic additive, tannic acid (TA) was used as thermal and processing stabilizer for PHB. The thermal stability of both neat and TA-doped PHB samples was studied by rheology and calorimetry. The experimental results show that the neat PHB massively degrades and that the addition of tannic acid enhances the thermal stability of PHB, thus widening the processing window of the polymer. Physical and chemical interactions between the polymer and the additive were considered as key factors to interpret the experimental data. The described results are of interest for the development of sustainable alternatives to synthetic polymer additives, by increasing the applicability of bio-based materials.
    European Polymer Journal 12/2014; · 3.24 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
10 Downloads
Available from
Aug 6, 2014