Usefulness of the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay to evaluate the antiplatelet effects of ticagrelor and clopidogrel therapies.
ABSTRACT We analyzed the antiplatelet effects of different P2Y(12) receptor blockers with VerifyNow P2Y12 assay (VN-P2Y12) and light transmittance aggregometry (LTA).
The point-of-care VN-P2Y12 has been used to assess the antiplatelet effects in clopidogrel-treated patients but has not been evaluated in detail in patients treated with ticagrelor.
Patients were randomly assigned to either ticagrelor [180 mg loading/90 mg twice daily (n = 37)] or clopidogrel [600 mg loading/75 mg daily (n = 39)] on top of aspirin treatment, and platelet reactivity was measured serially during onset, maintenance, and offset phases. High on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) was defined as 5 and 20 μM adenosine diphosphate-induced maximal platelet aggregation ≥46% and ≥59%, respectively, and P2Y12 reaction units ≥235.
Platelet function measured by VN-P2Y12 correlated well with LTA (.812 ≤ ρ ≤ .823, P < .001). VN-P2Y12 "BASE" values were consistent during administration of both agents. Calculated and reported percent inhibitions by VN-P2Y12 were similar (difference, -0.6%; 95% agreement limits, -22.9% to 21.6%). Platelet inhibition by VN-P2Y12 during clopidogrel and ticagrelor administrations was comparable to platelet inhibition by LTA. HPR determined by LTA and VN-P2Y12 were well matched, and the risk stratification between the two methods showed strong agreement after both therapies (κ > .7).
The VerifyNow P2Y12 assay is effective in assessing the antiplatelet effects and in identifying HPR during clopidogrel or ticagrelor therapy.
- SourceAvailable from: Michael J AlexanderJournal of Neurointerventional Surgery 07/2014; 4. · 2.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ticagrelor (TIC) is the first reversible P2Y12 receptor antagonist that exhibits rapid antiplatelet effect by indirect inhibition of the GPIIb/IIIa complex. Polymorphisms in genes coding GPIIb/IIIa, namely ITGA2B and ITGB3, are associated with aspirin resistance and risk for thrombotic diseases. We assessed whether ITGA2B and ITGB3 polymorphisms can influence the ex vivo antiplatelet activity of ticagrelor in Chinese population. A total of 196 healthy Chinese male individuals were recruited. ADP-induced platelet aggregation was determined using optical aggregometry at baseline and after incubation of the platelet-rich plasma with 15 and 50 μM ticagrelor, respectively. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in ITGA2B (rs5911 G>T) and ITGB3 (rs4642 A>G and rs4634 G>A) were genotyped by sequencing. TIC at both concentrations of 15 and 50 μM decreased ADP-induced platelet aggregation significantly (P < 0.05, respectively). As compared to ITGA2B rs5911 GG homozygotes, individuals with the rs5911 TG genotype showed significantly increased inhibition of platelet aggregation (IPA) by both 15 and 50 μM ticagrelor incubation (P < 0.05, respectively). Neither rs4642 nor rs4634 polymorphism affected ticagrelor-induced IPA. We suggest that the ITGA2B rs5911 GG genotype is associated with decreased ex vivo antiplatelet activity of ticagrelor in healthy Chinese male subjects.International journal of hematology 01/2014; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Factors associated with PR during ticagrelor maintenance dose (MD) are not well defined. We aimed to examine factors that influence levels of platelet reactivity (PR) during chronic ticagrelor therapy. Methods We performed individual participant data meta-analysis of 445 patients from 8 studies who had PR assessment with the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay (Accumetrics Inc, San Diego, CA) while on ticagrelor 90 mg bid MD for at least 14 days. Results Distribution of PR during ticagrelor MD was highly skewed towards lower values. No case of high PR (≥230 PRU) was observed. Age and body mass index (BMI) positively affected PR, with every increase in decade and 5 units of BMI resulting in 7.9% and 4.1% increase in PR, respectively. Current smoking status negatively affected PR with 13.7% decrease in PR in current smokers, compared to non-smokers. Low PR (LPR) was defined as the lowest quartile of PR values (<10 PRU). In multivariate analysis, diabetes mellitus and age >70 years were independently associated with lower probability for LPR with a relative risk (95% confidence intervals) of 0.570 (0.361 to 0.899) and 0.554 (0.325 to 0.944), p = 0.016 and p = 0.030, respectively. Conclusions Age, BMI and current smoking status affect PR during ticagrelor MD. Diabetes mellitus and age >70 years were found to be associated with lower probability for LPR. Further research is required to assess the clinical implications of these findings in ticagrelor treated patients.American Heart Journal 10/2014; · 4.56 Impact Factor