Prenatal diagnosis and molecular genetic analysis of short rib-polydactyly syndrome type III (Verma-Naumoff) in a second-trimester fetus with a homozygous splice site mutation in intron 4 in the NEK1 gene
ABSTRACT To demonstrate perinatal imaging findings and to investigate the mutation in the NEK1 gene in a fetus with type III short rib-polydactyly syndrome (SRPS) (Verma-Naumoff).
A 34-year-old woman with no past history of fetal SRPS was referred to the hospital at 21 weeks of gestation because of sonographic diagnosis of short limbs in the fetus. Fetal ultrasound revealed a narrow thorax, short ribs, short limbs with marginal spurs, and postaxial hexadactyly in both the hands and feet. A diagnosis of SRPS III (Verma-Naumoff) was made. Amniocentesis was performed. The karyotype was 46,XY. Molecular genetic analysis of the amniotic fluid cells identified a homozygous splice site mutation in intron 4 (c.331-1 A > G) or IVS4-1 A > G in the NEK1 gene. The parents were heterozygous for the mutation. The pregnancy was subsequently terminated and a malformed fetus was delivered with prominent forehead, a flattened nasal bridge, a narrow and short trunk, a protuberant abdomen, bilateral postaxial polydactyly and syndactyly of the hands and feet, and micromelic limbs. No facial cleft or genital abnormality was noted. The radiograph was consistent with SRPS III.
Polydactyly, micromelia, metaphyseal spurs, widened humeral metaphyses, and shortened ribs can be prominent prenatal ultrasound findings of SRPS III. The present case provides evidence for a correlation of a mutation in the NEK1 gene with SRPS III.
Prenatal Diagnosis 12/2001; 21(12):1101-2. DOI:10.1002/pd.182 · 2.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The lethal group of short-rib polydactyly (SRP) includes type I (Saldino-Noonan; MIM 263530), type II (Majewski; MIM 263520), type III (Verma-Naumoff; MIM 263510) and type IV (Beemer-Langer; MIM 269860). Jeune and Ellis-van Creveld dysplasias also used to be classified in the SRP group. Recently, mutations in a gene encoding a protein involved in intraflagellar transport, IFT80, have been identified in 3/39 patients with Jeune dysplasia but no extraskeletal manifestation. Because of clinical and radiological similarities between Jeune dysplasia and the other lethal types of SRP, the authors decided to investigate IFT80 in a cohort of fetuses with the lethal forms of SRP (Majewski, Verma-Naumoff and Beemer-Langer) and antenatally diagnosed cases of Jeune dysplasia. Fifteen fetuses were identified. A double-molecular approach was adopted. For consanguineous families and for those with recurrent sibs, a haplotype analysis around the gene locus was first performed, and, for the others, all the coding exons of IFT80 were directly sequenced. Using the haplotype approach for two families, the authors excluded the IFT80 region as a candidate for them. Direct sequencing of IFT80 in the other 13 cases showed a G-to-C transversion in exon 8 (G241R) in only one SRP case closely related to the type III phenotype. The findings show that mutations in IFT80 can also be responsible for a lethal form of SRP and provide the molecular basis for the Jeune-Verma-Naumoff dysplasia spectrum.Journal of Medical Genetics 08/2009; 48(2):88-92. DOI:10.1136/jmg.2009.069468 · 5.64 Impact Factor
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 07/2002; 19(6):629-31. DOI:10.1046/j.1469-0705.2002.00731_4.x · 3.14 Impact Factor