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Self-amplified spontaneous emission for a single pass free-electron laser

Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams (Impact Factor: 1.57). 06/2011; 14:060712.

ABSTRACT SPARC (acronym of ''Sorgente Pulsata ed Amplificata di Radiazione Coerente'', i.e. Pulsed and Amplified Source of Coherent Radiation) is a single pass free-electron laser designed to obtain high gain amplification at a radiation wavelength of 500 nm. Self-amplified spontaneous emission has been observed driving the amplifier with the high-brightness beam of the SPARC linac. We report measure-ments of energy, spectra, and exponential gain. Experimental results are compared with simulations from several numerical codes.

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    ABSTRACT: The FERMI@Elettra project is a seeded free electron laser (FEL) source, based on the High Gain Harmonic Generation (HGHG) scheme. It is designed to supply photons in a spectral range from 65 to 20 nm with the first undulator line (FEL-1) and from 20 nm to 4 nm with the second undulator line (FEL-2). After a first period of commissioning of the electron beam up to 100MeV at low charge, started in August 2009, several phases of installations and beam commissioning periods have been alternated through the 2010. On December 2010 the first FEL light in the FEL-1 line was obtained at 65 nm and 43 nm by adopting as an initial seed the third harmonic of a TiSa laser. The complete optimization and commissioning of the photo-injector has been carried on in parallel with the Linac and FEL commissioning, from a conservative set-up to the final designed configuration. This paper reports the electron beam characterization in the injector area, the comparison with the theoretical expectations and the experimental process which resulted in a high brightness electron beam. This beam was optimized to be compressed and then transported through the undulators of FEL-1 where intense photons ranging from 65 nm to 20 nm were generated
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