Macronutrient Intake Influences the Effect of 25-Hydroxy-Vitamin D Status on Metabolic Syndrome Outcomes in African American Girls

Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1675 University Boulevard, WEBB 439 Birmingham, AL 35294-3360, USA.
Cholesterol 06/2012; 2012:581432. DOI: 10.1155/2012/581432
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The objectives were to determine the effect of macronutrient modification on vitamin D status and if change in 25-hydroxy-vitamin D concentration influences components of metabolic syndrome in obese African American girls. Methods. Five-week intervention using reduced CHO (43% carbohydrate; 27% fat: SPEC) versus standard CHO (55% carbohydrate; 40% fat: STAN) eucaloric diet. Subjects were 28 obese African American females, aged 9-14 years. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and meal test were performed at baseline and five weeks. Results. Approximately 30% of girls had metabolic syndrome. Serum 25OHD increased in both groups at five weeks [STAN: 20.3 ± 1.1 to 22.4 ± 1.1 (P < 0.05) versus SPEC: 16.1 ± 1.0 to 16.8 ± 1.0 (P = 0.05)]. The STAN group, increased 25OHD concentration over five weeks (P < 0.05), which was positively related to triglycerides (P < 0.001) and inversely associated with total cholesterol (P < 0.001) and LDL (P < 0.001). The SPEC group, had increase in 25OHD (P = 0.05), which was positively related to fasting insulin (P < 0.001) and insulin sensitivity while inversely associated with fasting glucose (P < 0.05). The contribution of vitamin D status to metabolic syndrome parameters differs according to macronutrient intake. Improvement in 25OHD may improve fasting glucose, insulin sensitivity, and LDL; however, macronutrient intake warrants consideration.

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