Stress-timing and syllable-timing reanalyzed

Journal of Phonetics (Impact Factor: 1.41). 01/1983; 11:51-62.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In a syllable monitoring experiment, Greek and English speakers (N = 20 per language) monitored for [ma] embedded in Greek real and nonce words; [ma] was word-initial, word-medial or word-final, and stressed, unstressed or rhythmically stressed. Both groups spotted stressed [ma] faster than unstressed [ma]; unstressed [ma] was spotted faster by Greek than English participants. Rhythmically stressed [ma] patterned with unstressed [ma] for both groups. Word category (real or nonce) did not affect latencies. These results show that stress played an important role whether participants were responding to unfamiliar (nonce) stimuli (Greeks) or processing in an altogether unfamiliar language with different stress requirements (English). The importance of stress did not depend on rhythm class, as has sometimes been argued, though familiarity with language did affect responses. The results do not support the view that processing is related to rhythm class and confirm that Greek makes only a binary stress distinction.
    18th ICPhS, Glasgow; 08/2015
  • Prosody and Language in Contact, Edited by E.. Delais-Roussarie, M. Avanzi, S. Herment, 01/2015: chapter Language interaction in the development of speech rhythm in simultaneous bilinguals: pages 271-291; Springer.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examine evidence for a regularity bias in the perception of sentence-level stress patterns, asking to what degree listeners perceive speech as metrically regular, with few or no occurrences of stress clash. We assess regularity through a stress perception task carried out by untrained listeners annotating transcripts of recorded speech, with sentences designed to have regular stress, and sentences drawn from a corpus of spontaneous conversational speech. Results show listeners report perceiving fewer stress clashes than predicted by random placement of stresses or by concatenating the citation form stress patterns of each individual word in a given sentence, though some incidence of stress clash is reported for both the regular and irregular speech materials. These findings suggest that listeners perceive English speech in accordance with a weak regularity bias. Inter-transcriber agreement rates also reveal substantial disagreement in perceived stress patterns at the sentence level, for regular and irregular sentences alike, suggesting variability in the perception of acoustic cues to stress at these levels.
    Speech Prosody, Dublin, Ireland; 05/2014