Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Instances of overt laboratory-associated infection recorded in published reports and additional cases disclosed by questionnaires and personal communications have been tabulated. Of a total of 3921 cases, 2465 occurred in the United States and 164 were fatal. Only 64% of the cases were reported in the literature. Analysis of the available information revealed that only 18% of the infections were due to known accidents; 42% were caused by bacteria; 27% by viruses; 15% by rickettsiae; 9% by fungi; 3% by chlamydiae; and 3% by parasites. It may be significant that fewer infections have been recorded in the past decade than in any of the four preceding decades. Possible reasons for this apparent decrease are discussed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: From 1973 through 1992, 426 cases of human brucellosis were reported in California, of which 98% were laboratory confirmed. Brucella melitensis was identified in 185 cases (78.7% of the bacteriologically typed cases). Hispanics accounted for 81% of the cases from 1983 to 1992 compared with 65% during the previous decade (P < .01). The population-adjusted average annual incidence was higher in Hispanics, especially in children and teenagers, compared with non-Hispanic whites and African Americans. Slaughterhouse cases decreased from 25% during 1973-1982 to < 3% during the following decade. Changes in case distribution were characterized by a decreasing incidence in the Central Valley and an increasing incidence in the San Francisco Bay area and the southern Coast Range. Hispanics were more likely to report being infected by consumption of milk and cheese in Mexico during 1983-1992 than during the previous 10 years (relative risk, 1.45). Between 1973 and 1992, human brucellosis in California evolved from an occupational to a foodborne illness.
The Journal of Infectious Diseases 11/1994; 170(5):1216-23. DOI:10.1093/infdis/170.5.1216 · 5.78 Impact Factor
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