High performance AC electroluminescence from colloidal quantum dot hybrids.
ABSTRACT High performance field-induced AC electroluminescence (EL) in a simple ITO/insulator/hybrid emitter/Au structure was demonstrated with efficient control of the brightness and colors based on solution-processed nanohybrids of CdSe-ZnS core-shell colloidal quantum dots and fluorescent polymers.
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ABSTRACT: We demonstrate light emitting devices (LEDs) with a broad spectral emission generated by electroluminescence from a mixed-monolayer of red, green, and blue emitting colloidal quantum dots (QDs) in a hybrid organic/inorganic structure. The colloidal QDs are reproducibly synthesized and yield high luminescence efficiency materials suitable for LED applications. Independent processing of the organic charge transport layers and the QD luminescent layer allows for precise tuning of the emission spectrum without changing the device structure, simply by changing the ratio of different color QDs in the active layer. Spectral tuning is demonstrated through fabrication of white QD-LEDs that exhibit external quantum efficiencies of 0.36% (Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage) coordinates of (0.35, 0.41) at video brightness, and color rendering index of 86 as compared to a 5500 K blackbody reference.Nano Letters 09/2007; 7(8):2196-200. · 13.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The integration of organic and inorganic materials at the nanometre scale into hybrid optoelectronic structures enables active devices that combine the diversity of organic materials with the high-performance electronic and optical properties of inorganic nanocrystals. The optimization of such hybrid devices ultimately depends upon the precise positioning of the functionally distinct materials. Previous studies have already emphasized that this is a challenge, owing to the lack of well-developed nanometre-scale fabrication techniques. Here we demonstrate a hybrid light-emitting diode (LED) that combines the ease of processability of organic materials with the narrow-band, efficient luminescence of colloidal quantum dots (QDs). To isolate the luminescence processes from charge conduction, we fabricate a quantum-dot LED (QD-LED) that contains only a single monolayer of QDs, sandwiched between two organic thin films. This is achieved by a method that uses material phase segregation between the QD aliphatic capping groups and the aromatic organic materials. In our devices, where QDs function exclusively as lumophores, we observe a 25-fold improvement in luminescence efficiency (1.6 cd A(-1) at 2,000 cd m(-2)) over the best previous QD-LED results. The reproducibility and precision of our phase-segregation approach suggests that this technique could be widely applicable to the fabrication of other hybrid organic/inorganic devices.Nature 01/2002; 420(6917):800-3. · 38.60 Impact Factor