Graphene sublattice symmetry and isospin determined by circular dichroism in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy.
ABSTRACT The Dirac-like electronic structure of graphene originates from the equivalence of the two basis atoms in the honeycomb lattice. We show that the characteristic parameters of the initial state wave function (sublattice symmetry and isospin) can be determined using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) with circularly polarized synchrotron radiation. At a photon energy of hν = 52 eV, transition matrix element effects can be neglected allowing us to determine sublattice symmetry and isospin with high accuracy using a simple theoretical model.
- SourceAvailable from: Yihua Wang[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Topological insulators are a new phase of matter that exhibits exotic surface electronic properties. Determining the spin texture of this class of material is of paramount importance for both fundamental understanding of its topological order and future spin-based applications. In this article, we review the recent experimental and theoretical studies on the differential coupling of left- versus right-circularly polarized light to the topological surface states in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. These studies have shown that the polarization of light and the experimental geometry plays a very important role in both photocurrent intensity and spin polarization of photoelectrons emitted from the topological surface states. A general photoemission matrix element calculation with spin-orbit coupling can quantitatively explain the observations and is also applicable to topologically trivial systems. These experimental and theoretical investigations suggest that optical excitation with circularly polarized light is a promising route towards mapping the spin-orbit texture and manipulating the spin orientation in topological and other spin-orbit coupled materials.physica status solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters 10/2012; 7(1-2). · 2.39 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The interest in graphene stems from its unique band structure that photoemission spectroscopy can directly probe. However, the preparation method can significantly alter graphene's pristine atomic structure and in turn the photoemission spectroscopy spectra. After a short review of the observed band structure for graphene prepared by various methods, we focus on graphene grown on silicon carbide. The semiconducting single crystalline hexagonal SiC provides a substrate of various dopings, where bulk bands do not interfere with that of graphene. Large sheets of high structural quality flat graphene grow on SiC, which allows the exact same material to be used for fundamental studies and as a platform for scalable electronics. Moreover, a new graphene allotrope (multilayer epitaxial graphene) was discovered to grow on the 4H-SiC C-face by the confinement controlled sublimation method. We will focus on the electronic structure of this new graphene allotrope and its connection to its atomic structure.New Journal of Physics 12/2012; 14(12):125007. · 4.06 Impact Factor