Characterization of interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 binding protein 1 gene in small abalone Haliotis diversicolor.
ABSTRACT Interleukin receptor-associated kinase (IRAK)-1 binding protein 1 (IRAK1BP1) is a critical factor in preventing dangerous overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines by the innate immune system and in influencing the specificity of TLR responses. In this study, a first molluscan IRAK1BP1 gene, saIRAK1BP1, was cloned from the small abalone (Haliotis diversicolor). Its full-length cDNA sequence is 1047bp, with a 747bp open reading frame encoding a protein of 249 aa. The molecular mass of the deduced protein is approximately 28.1kDa with an estimated pI of 8.87, and shows highest identity (52%) to acorn worm Saccoglossus kowalevskii. Amino acid sequence analysis revealed that saIRAK1BP1 shares a conserved SIMPL domain. Quantitative real-time PCR was employed to investigate the tissue distribution of saIRAK1BP1 mRNA, and its expression in abalone under bacteria challenge and larvae at different developmental stages. The saIRAK1BP1 mRNA could be detected in all examined tissues, with the highest expression level in hemocytes, and was up-regulated in gills, kidneys and hemocytes after bacteria injection. Additionally, saIRAK1BP1 was constitutively expressed at all examined developmental stages. These results indicate that saIRAK1BP1 play an important role in the adult abalone immune system and might be essential in embryo and larval development in abalone.
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ABSTRACT: In this study, hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and hypoxia inducible factor-1β (HIF-1β) from small abalone Haliotis diversicolor were cloned. The cDNA of H. diversicolor HIF-1α (HdHIF-1α) is 2833bp encoding a protein of 711aa and H. diversicolor HIF-1β (HdHIF-1β) is 1919bp encoding a protein of 590aa. Similar to other species' HIF-1, HdHIF-1 has one basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain and two Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) domains, and HdHIF-1α has a oxygen-dependent degradation domain (ODDD) with two proline hydroxylation motifs and a C-terminal transactivation domain (C-TAD) with an asparagine hydroxylation motif. Under normoxic conditions, HdHIF-1α and HdHIF-1β mRNAs were constitutively present in all examined tissues. Under hypoxia (2.0mg/L DO at 25°C) stress, HdHIF-1α expression was up-regulated in gills at 4h, 24h and 96h, and in hemocytes at 24h and 96h, while HdHIF-1β remained relatively constant. Under thermal stress (31°C), HdHIF-1α expression was significantly increased in gills at 4h, and hemocytes at 0h and 4h, while HdHIF-1β expression still remained relatively constant. These results suggested that HIF-1α may play an important role in adaption to poor environment in H. diversicolor.Gene 11/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Inhibitor of NF-κB (IκB), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and Akirin2 are all important members of Rel/NF-κB signaling pathway, which plays a pivotal role in regulating the innate immune response of vertebrates and invertebrates. In this study, the IκB (SaIκB) and Akirin2 (SaAkirin2) cDNAs of small abalone Haliotis diversicolor were cloned and characterized. The full length cDNA of SaIκB and SaAkirin2 were 1748 bp and 1452 bp respectively, encoding a protein of 401 aa and 401 aa respectively. A conserved degradation motif (DS56GIYS60) and six ankyrin repeats were identified in the SaIκB by SMART analysis. Meanwhile, a typical nuclear localization signal (NLS) was found at the N-terminal region of the SaAkirin2 protein. Also, the mRNA expression level of SaIκB, SaAkirin2, and AbNF-κB were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The results revealed that all these three genes were ubiquitously expressed in 7 selected tissues. The expression level of SaIκB in gills was higher than that in other tissues (P<0.05) while the expression level of AbNF-κB was significantly higher in hepatopancreas and haemocytes. The highest expression level of SaAkirin2 was detected in hepatopancreas, followed by mantle. The mRNA expression levels in either gills or haemocytes of SaIκB, SaAkirin2, and AbNF-κB were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05) post thermal stress, hypoxia exposure, thermal plus hypoxia stress and the injection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. These results indicated that these three NF-κB signaling pathway-related genes are involved in response to bacterial infection and play essential roles in response to thermal and hypoxia stress.Fish & Shellfish Immunology 08/2014; · 2.96 Impact Factor