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Time Optimization for Traffic Signal Control Using Genetic Algorithm

Lecturer in Computer Sc. & Engg. deptt, Amity School of Engg. & Tech, New Delhi, India; Amity School of Engg. & Tech, Lecturer in Instrumentation &Control Engg. deptt, New Delhi, India; Amity School of Engg. & Tech, Student of Computer Sc. & Engg. deptt, New Delhi, India
LETTERS International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering 12/2009; 2.

ABSTRACT In this paper, a "real-time" traffic signal control strategy is provided using genetic algorithms to provide near-optimal traffic performance for intersections. Real-time traffic signal control is an integral part of the urban traffic control system and providing effective real-time traffic signal control for a large complex traffic network is an extremely challenging distributed control problem. The developed "intelligent" system makes "real-time" decisions as to whether to extend green time for a set of signals. The model is developed using genetic algorithm implemented in MATLAB. A traffic emulator is developed in JAVA to represent dynamic traffic conditions. The emulator conducts surveillance after fixed interval of time and sends the data to genetic algorithm, which then provides optimum green time extensions and optimizes signal timings in real time. The optimization parameters are -total number of vehicles in a road and importance of the road in the intersection. In the end, by comparing the experimental result obtained by the fixed time and real time based traffic systems which improves significant performance for intersections, we confirmed the efficiency of our intelligent real time based control system.

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