Meta-analysis of clinical studies comparing coronary artery bypass grafting with percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with end-stage renal disease.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.4). 07/2012; DOI: 10.1093/ejcts/ezs360
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are at high risk for coronary artery disease (CAD). The optimal revascularization strategy remains unknown. We performed a meta-analysis of retrospective observational trials to compare coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ESRD patients with CAD. A search of published reports was conducted to identify clinical studies comparing CABG with PCI in ESRD patients with CAD with a minimal follow-up of 12 months. Sixteen studies included 32 350 ESRD patients with revascularization. Compared with PCI, CABG was associated with a lower risk for late mortality [relative risk (RR) 0.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.87-0.93], myocardial infarction event (RR 0.64, 95% CI: 0.61-0.68), repeat revascularization event (RR 0.22, 95% CI: 0.16-0.31) and cumulative events (RR 0.69, 95% CI: 0.65-0.73), despite having a higher risk for early mortality (RR 1.98, 95% CI: 1.51-2.60). In conclusion, the long-term results of PCI in ESRD patients are dismal, and CABG is significantly superior to PCI in this subset of patients.

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    ABSTRACT: Coronary artery disease (CAD) carries a high risk of mortality in dialysis patients. End-stage renal disease is considered to increase the vulnerability of patients with atherosclerosis superimposed on artery calcification. Recently, an increasing prevalence of CAD in dialysis patients has been attributed to a lack of effective prevention and treatment. Further studies have shown that optimal therapies for CAD in dialysis patients remain neglected and unclarified. These therapies include correction of anemia, control of blood pressure, and antiplatelet therapy. Because of bleeding tendencies in dialysis patients, the benefits of antiplatelet therapy and platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors for treating CAD require more research. In addition, a meta-analysis of retrospective studies in 2012 showed that dialysis patients with CAD receiving coronary artery bypass surgery had a lower long-term mortality rate and fewer postoperative cardiac complications than those receiving percutaneous coronary angioplasty. A large randomized, long-term cohort study is necessary to confirm these issues.
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