Quality of Life Long-Term after Body Contouring Surgery following Bariatric Surgery: Sustained Improvement after 7 Years.
ABSTRACT : Bariatric surgery for morbid obesity results in massive weight loss and improvement of health and quality of life. A downside of the major weight loss is the excess of overstretched skin, which may influence the patient's quality of life by causing functional and aesthetic problems. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the patient's quality of life long-term after body contouring following bariatric surgery.
: Quality of life was measured with the Obesity Psychosocial State Questionnaire in 33 post-bariatric surgery patients 7.2 years (range, 3.2 to 13.3 years) after body contouring surgery. Data were compared with previous assessments 4.1 years (range, 0.7 to 9.2 years) after body contouring surgery of the quality of life at that time and before body contouring surgery.
: Compared with appraisals of quality of life before body contouring surgery, a significant, mostly moderate to large, sustained improvement of quality of life was observed in post-bariatric surgery patients 7.2 years after body contouring surgery in six of the seven psychosocial domains. A small deterioration occurred between 4.1- and 7.2-year follow-up on two of the seven domains except for the domain efficacy toward eating, which showed a significant improvement. At 7-year follow-up, 18 patients (55 percent) were satisfied with the result of body contouring surgery.
: This study indicates a sustained quality-of-life improvement in post-bariatric surgery patients after body contouring surgery. This suggests the importance of including reconstructive surgery as a component in the multidisciplinary approach in the surgical treatment of morbid obesity.
: Therapeutic, IV.
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ABSTRACT: Background: Little is known about the development of excess skin and requests for body-contouring surgery after bariatric surgery in adolescents. Methods: Forty-seven of 86 adolescents that had undergone gastric bypass surgery answered two questionnaires regarding excess skin and requests for and performed body-contouring surgery. An objective assessment of the amount of excess skin was also performed. The results were compared to earlier results from postbariatric adults. Results: The most common overall problem in adolescents was the feeling of having an unattractive body (91 percent). The most common locations for developing excess skin were the upper arms and thighs according to the measurements. Five of 47 adolescents had undergone body-contouring surgery, and 88 percent of the others desired one or more body-contouring operations. Correlations were found between the objectively measured excess skin and the subjectively experienced amount of excess skin. Correlations were also found between the measured excess skin and the experienced discomfort of excess skin for the abdomen, breast/chest, upper arms, and chin. Conclusions: The authors' results indicate that bariatric surgery in adolescents often leads to severe problems associated with excess skin in both sexes. Thus, the commonly held belief that young people do not develop excess skin to the same extent as adults is strongly questioned. Health care professionals must address the current imbalance between requests for and the performance of body-contouring surgery in adolescents.Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery 10/2014; 134(4):627-36. DOI:10.1097/PRS.0000000000000515 · 3.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Massive weight loss (MWL) following bariatric surgery frequently results in an excess of overstretched skin causing physical discomfort and negatively affecting quality of life, self-esteem, body image, and physical functioning. Methods: In this cross-sectional study 3 groups were compared: (1) patients prior to bariatric surgery (n = 79), (2) patients after bariatric surgery who had not undergone body contouring surgery (BCS) (n = 252), and (3) patients after bariatric surgery who underwent subsequent BCS (n = 62). All participants completed self-report questionnaires assessing body image (Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, MBSRQ), quality of life (IWQOL-Lite), symptoms of depression (PHQ-9), and anxiety (GAD-7). Results: Overall, 62 patients (19.2%) reported having undergone a total of 90 BCS procedures. The most common were abdominoplasties (88.7%), thigh lifts (24.2%), and breast lifts (16.1%). Post-bariatric surgery patients differed significantly in most variables from pre-bariatric surgery patients. Although there were fewer differences between patients with and without BCS, patients after BCS reported better appearance evaluation (AE), body area satisfaction (BAS), and physical functioning, even after controlling for excess weight loss and time since surgery. No differences were found for symptoms of depression and anxiety, and most other quality of life and body image domains. Discussion: Our results support the results of longitudinal studies demonstrating significant improvements in different aspects of body image, quality of life, and general psychopathology after bariatric surgery. Also, we found better AE and physical functioning in patients after BCS following bariatric surgery compared to patients with MWL after bariatric surgery who did not undergo BCS. Overall, there appears to be an effect of BCS on certain aspects of body image and quality of life but not on psychological aspects on the whole.Frontiers in Psychology 01/2014; 5:1310. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01310 · 2.80 Impact Factor
Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery 01/2015; 135(1):74e-84e. DOI:10.1097/PRS.0000000000000845 · 3.33 Impact Factor