Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by mucocutaneous melanocytic macules, gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyposis and an increased risk of various neoplasms. Germline mutations in the serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11) gene have been identified as a cause for PJS. The aim of this study was to characterize the genotype of Chilean PJS patients. Mutation screening of 13 patients from eight PJS families was performed using a single strand conformation polymorphism analysis, DNA sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification assay. The breakpoints of the genomic rearrangements were assessed by a long-range polymerase chain reaction and sequencing. The results revealed the existence of seven different pathogenic mutations in STK11 gene in seven unrelated families, including three point mutations and four large genomic deletions. Three of these point mutations (43%, 3/7) may be considered as novel. Our results showed that a germline mutation is present in STK11 in 88% of probands fulfilling the diagnostic criteria of PJS. In this study, the combination of two different experimental approaches in the screening of the STK11 in PJS, led to a higher percentage of mutation detection.
"The majority of mutations in the STK11 gene that are associated with PJS are located within exons leading to missense mutations and truncated proteins (Launonen, 2005). However, several are located in intronic regions (Hastings et al., 2005; Orellana et al., 2013) that can prevent splicing or cause splicing into downstream cryptic splice sites. The STK11-SNP lies upstream of the acceptor splice site for exon 6, suggesting that it does not directly alter splicing events. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a rare hereditary syndrome characterized by the occurrence of hamartomatous polyps in the gastrointestinal tract, mucocutaneous pigmentation and increased risk of cancer in multiple internal organs. PJS is preconditioned by the manifestation of mutations in the STK11 gene. The majority of detected STK11 changes are small scale mutations, however recent studies showed the significant contribution of medium-sized changes commonly known as copy number variations (CNVs). Here we present a novel 7001 bps deletion of STK11 gene fragment, in which we identified the presence of breakpoints (BPs) within the Alu elements. Comparative meta-analysis with the 80 other CNV cases from 12 publications describing STK11 mutations in patients with PJS revealed the participation of specific Alu elements in all deletions of exons 2-3 so far described. Moreover, we have shown their involvement in the two other CNVs, deletion of exon 2 and deletion of exon 1-3 respectively. Deletion of exons 2-3 of the STK11 gene may prove to be the most recurrent large rearrangement causing PJS. In addition, the sequences present in its BPs may be involved in a formation of a significant percentage of the remaining gene CNVs. This gives a new insight into the conditioning of this rare disease and enables improvements in PJS genetic diagnostics.
Familial Cancer 04/2015; 14(3). DOI:10.1007/s10689-015-9800-5 · 1.98 Impact Factor
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