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DIAGNÓSTICO ULTRASONOGRÁFICO DE MUERTE FETAL INTRAUTERINA. SU IMPORTANCIA TERAPÉUTICA, ESTADÍSTICA, PSICOLÓGICA Y MÉDICO- …

Caídos en Malvinas 01/2004; 68(110).

ABSTRACT RESUMEN Propósito. Presentamos una serie de signos ecográficos que demuestran muerte fetal intrauterina con el fin de estipular una documentación y comunicación adecuadas. Resaltar aspectos terapéuticos, estadísticos, psicológicos y médico-legales. Material y métodos. Se elaboró un análisis retrospectivo de 3 años, seleccionando casos con signología conspicua, realizados con ecógrafos de uso convencional con modo M y Doppler (espectral y/o color). Resultados. Se presenta la ausencia de actividad cardíaca, como signo más importante para demostrar y documentar la muerte fetal intrauterina, describiendo 2 falsos positivos de vitalidad. Se analizan otros signos complementarios y se destaca la utilidad de los mismos en la confirmación diagnóstica y su relación con el tiempo transcurrido desde el óbito. También se remarca la importancia de la biometría. Mención de aspectos psicológicos inherentes a la comunicación de este diagnóstico a los progenitores y familiares. Conclusiones. En este trabajo se enfatiza la importancia de documentar adecuadamente la muerte fetal intrauterina, utilizando una signología ultrasonográfica completa, en vista de que el resultado genera inmediatas consecuencias tera-péuticas, estadísticas, psicológicas y médico-legales. Palabras clave: feto muerto, muerte fetal intrauterina, ecografía.

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