Article

Awareness of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Women of Reproductive Age in Hubei Province, China

Asian Journal of Medical Sciences 01/2010; 1:12-13. DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v1i1.2607

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the level of awareness about causes, prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia among women of reproductive age in Hubei province, a south eastern province of China. Method: Cross sectional study was conducted by using a self designed standardized pretested questionnaire in peripheral areas of Wuhan city, the capital of Hubei province from January 2009 to December 2009.Women aged 18-45 years without any previous history of medical or gynecological problems were recruited. Results: A total 385 women were surveyed for Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA).77.9% women (n=300) were aware of the term IDA, with the highest proportion of 88.1% falling in age group 25-35 years. Most of the women were aware of the fact that their diet contains iron and its importance in health. Women who had children and of working class had greater knowledge about the iron deficiency anemia. Conclusion: Awareness regarding IDA is directly linked with the educational and social status of a community and is found to be increasing with the passage of time with exploration and accessibility to media and health care facilities. Women of younger ages are more concern about their own health and much careful about their expected babies in terms of nutritional facts as compared to the elder ladies.

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Anemia is a global public health problem affecting both developing and developed countries with major consequences for human health as well as social and economic development. Aim: This study was conducted to assess awareness of anemia and its causes among Saudi population in Qassim region kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional community-based study was conducted throughout the Qassim region which has been divided into 11 provinces were evaluated.A total of 1281Saudi citizens participated in this study. Each participant was asked to answer a total of 18 questions from a pre-piloted questionnaire. Results: Data were analyzed statistically using (SPSS) version 16.The participants response rate was 95.7%, and general aware ness of anemia was 89.2%, whereas Satisfactory, fair, and poor awareness of anemia represented 20.5%, 50.5%, and 29.0% respectively, while the mean of awareness was 44.0 ± 22.8. Males represented 62.2%. In high education males were approximately twice times.Drinking tea,eating fava bean and pregnancy as anemia causes in both male and female showed highlysignificant awareness (p ≤ 0.001) in additionvegetarianism, drinking tea during meal, pregnancy, inheritance, renal failure and intestinal worms represented as well known (p≤ 0.001) causes of anemia in all levels of education. Moreover,vegetarianism, drinking tea,pregnancy and renal failure as well known causes (p ≤0.001) of anemia in different categories of education.Conclusion: Saudi citizens in Qassim region has satisfactory general knowledge of anemia, however, they are not very well aware of anemia causes. Therefore, our study suggests that more efforts should be made to increase the knowledge of anemia causes in the population [Waggiallah H A et al NJIRM 2013; 4(6) : 35-40]
    National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine. 01/2013; 4(6):35-40.

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