Article

Investigation of the kinetics and mechanism of the glycerol chlorination reaction using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society (Impact Factor: 0.91). 01/2010; 754261544351(547). DOI: 10.2298/JSC1001101L

ABSTRACT As a primary by-product in biodiesel production, glycerol can be used to prepare an important fine chemical, epichlorohydrin, by the glycerol chlorination reaction. Although this process has been applied in industrial pro-duction, unfortunately, less attention has been paid to the analysis and separa-tion of the compounds in the glycerol chlorination products. In this study, a convenient and accurate method to determine the products in glycerol chlori-nation reaction was established and based on the results the kinetic mechanism of the reaction was investigated. The structure of main products, including 1,3--dichloropropan-2-ol, 2,3-dichloropropan-1-ol, 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol, 2-chlo-ro-1,3-propanediol and glycerol was ascertained by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and the isomers of the products were distinguished. Apidic acid was considered as the best catalyst because of its excellent catalytic effect and high boiling point. The mechanism of the glycerol chlorination reaction was proposed and a new kinetic model was developed. Kinetic equations of the process in the experimental range were obtained by data fitting and the activa-tion energies of each tandem reaction were 30.7, 41.8, 29.4 and 49.5 kJ mol -1 , respectively. This study revealed the process and mechanism of the kinetics and provides the theoretical basis for engineering problems.

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