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Hermenéutica y neuroética: Modelo para deliberación en dilemas éticos psiquiátricos.

ABSTRACT Objetivo: Rehabilitar el modelo de aplicación hermenéutica para comprender el saber moral que guía la deliberación en dilemas éticos psiquiátricos como un saber de aplicación hermenéutica. Metodología: Desde el enfoque de la hermenéutica gadameriana, la realización del estudio incluyó cuatro fases: analítica, comprensiva, reconstructiva y crítica. El punto de partida fue la reflexión crítica del modelo de aplicación hermenéutica propuesto por Gadamer. Las categorías de análisis fueron: deliberación ética, comprensión del saber ético y aplicación hermenéutica. Resultados: Gadamer recupera un modelo de saber donde la racionalidad precede a la praxis y la aplicación hermenéutica el núcleo constitutivo del comprender y su pretensión de verdad. La dependencia entre la situación concreta y la imagen directriz aparece en la estructura de la aplicación para guiar la acción. En el momento en que la aplicación atiende a la conjugación de un saber general que permite construir imágenes directrices para situaciones límite, subyace a la aplicación dos componentes: buscar consejo en uno mismo, y la relación entre medios y fines. Conclusión: El modelo de la aplicación hermenéutica para la deliberación en los dilemas éticos se integra por las imágenes directrices, la experiencia de estar en el mundo y la relación con el otro. El modelo permite la convergencia de estos elementos en la mediación de la tradición con el presente.

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May 20, 2014