Article

Analytical and experimental studies on infilled RC frames

Department of Civil Engineering, Kirikkale University, 71450, Yahsihan, Kirikkale, Turkey
International Journal of the Physical Sciences 11/2010; 5:1981-1998.

ABSTRACT Although hollow brick infills, widely used as partition walls, are considered as non-structural members, experimental studies revealed that hollow brick infills have favourable effects on strength and stiffness of structures. In this work, analytical studies were conducted to investigate the hollow brick infill behaviour, in which infills were modeled by diagonal compression struts. Results were compared with experimental ones obtained from tests of one-bay, one or two story reinforced concrete (RC) frames, tested under both vertical and reversed-cyclic lateral loads simulating earthquake. Test frames have intentionally been constructed poorly to reflect the most common deficiencies encountered in Turkey such as strong beam-weak column connections, insufficient confinement, low-grade concrete, poor workmanship and insufficient lap-splice length. Experimental studies shows that hollow brick infills increased both strength and stiffness of RC frames. Analytical studies conducted, shows that hollow brick infills could adequately be modeled by diagonal compression struts.

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    ABSTRACT: In this study, a nonlinear finite element (FE) model is proposed to investigate the behaviour and failure mechanism of reinforced concrete membrane structures. Proven accurate stress-strain relation is incorporated in the model to describe the stress-strain behaviour of the concrete under compression for uniaxial and biaxial stress system. The nonlinearity behaviour of the materials in the compressive stress field is considered for the concrete in the orthogonal directions. The effect of micro cracking confinement and softening on the stress-strain relationship under biaxial stresses are included by employing the equivalent uniaxial strain concept. Tension stiffening effect by concrete in tension is modelled in the ascending and descending parts. The model allows for the progressive local failure of the reinforced concrete materials. The applicability of the proposed FE model is investigated by demonstrating the nonlinear structural response and failure mechanism of a simple deep beam and validated with published experimental work. Good agreement is achieved between the developed FE model and the experimental test results which gives confidence that the approach is fundamentally correct.

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