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Wetlands of Sivasagar District of Assam as Congenial Habitat for Amphibia

Department of Zoology, Dist-Sivasagar, Simaluguri, Assam, India; Resource Management and Environment Division, Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology, Pschim Boragaon, Guwahati, Assam, India
01/2008;

ABSTRACT The Sivasagar district (26 0 3 / -27 0 15 / N latitude and 94 0 23 / E-95 0 23 / E longitude) has a grate number of diversified water bodies supporting a wide variety of aquatic and marshy flora. These water bodies serve as suitable natural habitat and breeding grounds for a variety of amphibian species. These wetlands are fed by the tributaries of river Brahamputra. The main tributaries traversing the district are Dekhow, Dechang and Jaji. Numerous man made tanks excavated during the Ahom reign are unique feature of the district. The Panidihing bird sanctuary is located in the northern part of district Most of the water bodies were surveyed and some of the wetlands have been identified which are active breeding grounds of most of the frogs including certain rare species of conservational importance. So some of the natural habitats can be protected for in situ conservation of amphibian fauna. A total of 25 species have been identified so far in our study during 2004-2006.

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    ABSTRACT: An investigation has been made on the relevance of one such lesser known species Marsilea quadrifolia Linn. (Vernacular name -sushni saag) commonly used by 'Ho' tribes in the mining belt of Jaduguda, Jharkhand (India) for its culinary and medicinal properties. Besides exploring indigenous knowledge of local tribals, the study also incorporates the survey of local markets in and around Jaduguda. Information was collected from the local tribal people (Ho) as well as local drug sellers in the Haat (local market) pertaining to use of Marsilea quadrifolia Linn. It is a pteridophytic plant that is marketed and used by tribals of that area for its nerve relaxant nature and curative properties for various other ailments of nervous system and its nutritional value. The present paper compiles botanical description of M. quadrifolia Linn., its traditional folk medicinal uses and marketing and monetary benefit to the villagers.
    International Journal of Life Science and Pharma Research. 01/2012; Vol 2(Issue 3):99-104.

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