Tourism and globalization

Annals of Tourism Research - ANN TOURISM RES 01/2003; 30(3). DOI: 10.1016/S0160-7383(03)00048-3


Tourism businesses operate globally and many have opted for a competitive advantage of internationalization. Technology, information and reduction of boundaries have created new forms of service companies, not only the large multinational corporations, but also small niche specialists. The growing importance of strategic alliances in creating networks of business relationships has become a trend also in tourism. Tourist destinations must establish identities that differentiate them from other destinations.

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    ABSTRACT: This paper examines the issue of how tourism affects poverty in the context of its effects on an economy as a whole and on particular sectors within it. A framework for analyzing the channels through which tourism influences different households is developed, and a computable general equilibrium model of the Brazilian economy is used to examine the economic impact and distributional impacts of tourism in the country. It is shown that the effects on all income groups are positive. The lowest income households benefit but by less than some higher income groups. Policies that could redistribute greater shares of the revenue to the poor are considered.RésuméTourisme et réduction de la pauvreté. Cet article examine la question de comment le tourisme affect la pauvreté dans le contexte de ses effets sur une économie tout entière et sur des secteurs particuliers d’une économie. On développe un cadre théorique pour analyser les voies par lesquelles le tourisme influence des différents ménages, et on utilise un modèle d’équilibre général calculable de l’économie brésilienne pour examiner l’impact économique et les impacts de distribution du tourisme dans le pays. On montre que les effets sur toutes les tranches de revenus sont positifs. Les ménages les plus économiquement faibles bénéficient mais moins que quelques tranches de revenus plus élevés. On considère des politiques qui pourraient redistribuer des parts plus importantes des revenus aux pauvres.
    Annals of Tourism Research 01/2008; 35(1-35):107-126. DOI:10.1016/j.annals.2007.06.013 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This article mainly discusses whether the introduction or increase of tourism taxation should be addressed through specific or general indirect taxation. With this aim, the paper describes the concept of tourism taxes and presents the several reasons that back their use. The paper also offers some numerical exercises comparing the effects of specific and general tourism taxation in Spain, a developed country with a sizeable tourism industry. The article suggests that both specific and general taxes on tourism would be able to yield improvements in terms of revenues and internalization of costs without hampering the economy. Yet, in comparative terms, general indirect taxes may be a more feasible, equitable and neutral way to obtain tax revenues from tourism activities.
    Tourism Management 06/2009; 30(3):381-392. DOI:10.1016/j.tourman.2008.08.004 · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Critics of tourism as a tool for development in poor rural regions have frequently used the dependency theory to examine why a destination area remains underdeveloped. Applica-tions of the dependency theory have been largely restricted to international scales; there is a dearth of studies conducted at smaller spatial scales. This study examines leakages of tourism revenues at four villages in Northern Thailand to illustrate the dependent relationship between a city and its rural hinterland. Study results are based on a survey of 43 small businesses and 40 interviews. Results indicate significant proportion of leakages of village revenues, between 15 and 61%, depending on several factors and strategies adopted by each village.
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