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Silicate features in Galactic and extragalactic post-AGB discs

Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001, Leuven, Belgium; Max Planck Institut für Astronomie, 69117, Heidelberg, Germany; SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, KY16 9SS, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife, UK; Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, Alan Turing Building, The University of Manchester, M13 9PL, Manchester, UK; Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, WC1E 6BT, London, UK; Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box, 23-141, Taiwan; Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, A313E, 50010, Zaffarano, Ames, IA, USA; Space Telescope Science Institute, 21218, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, 14853, Ithaca, NY, USA; Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, NL-2300 RA, Leiden, The Netherlands
Astronomy and Astrophysics (Impact Factor: 5.08). 09/2011; 533. DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201117364

ABSTRACT Aims. In this paper we study the Spitzer and TIMMI2 infrared spectra of post-AGB disc sources, both in the Galaxy and the LMC. Using the observed infrared spectra we determine the mineralogy and dust parameters of the discs, and look for possible differences between the Galactic and extragalactic sources. Methods. Modelling the full spectral range observed allows us to determine the dust species present in the disc and different physical parameters such as grain sizes, dust abundance ratios, and the dust and continuum temperatures. Results. We find that all the discs are dominated by emission features of crystalline and amorphous silicate dust. Only a few sample sources show features due to CO 2 gas or carbonaceous molecules such as PAHs and C 60 fullerenes. Our analysis shows that dust grain processing in these discs is strong, resulting in large average grain sizes and a very high crystallinity fraction. However, we do not find any correlations between the derived dust parameters and properties of the central source. There also does not seem to be a noticeable difference between the mineralogy of the Galactic and LMC sources. Even though the observed spectra are very similar to those of protoplanetary discs around young stars, showing similar mineralogy and strong grain processing, we do find evidence for differences in the physical and chemical processes of the dust processing.

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