Economía forestal en Bolivia

ABSTRACT In this chapter we introduce a comprehensive concept of resource value. Considering direct use value, indirect use value, and non-use value we attempt to encompass the total value of forest resources. Taking Bolivia as an example we present a review of forest and environmental economic literature providing an overview of the state-of-the-art within this research field in an Andes country. The larges contribution has been made in the direct use values category. Indirect use and non-use values studies are scarce. Profitability studies of timber production mainly date back to the debates over the implementation of the 1996 forest law. Since then conditions have changed and new legal bases of collective and communal forestry now accompany the well-known concession forestry model. The impact on the local and national economy of the prevalent illegal logging practices has evaded scientific enquiry. The economic role of non-timber products is scarcely documented as are the environmental economy aspects of the Bolivian forest resource. An enhanced effort in addressing these issues should be based on a close inter-disciplinary collaboration between natural and social science aiming at providing holistic and comprehensive answers useful for enterprise and policy decision-makers. The review concludes that scientific research on the economic value of forest resources is highly needed. Resumen En este capítulo incorporamos un concepto extenso del valor de recursos, considerando los valores de uso directo, indirecto y de no uso intentamos abarcar el valor total de los recursos forestales. Presentamos una reseña bibliográfica sobre el bosque y de la economía ambiental de Bolivia como un ejemplo, generando un repaso sobre el estado de arte de este campo de investigación en un país andino. La mayor contribución ha sido realizada en la categoría de uso directo, mientras que los estudios son muy escasos en el uso indirecto y de no uso. Los estudios sobre el beneficio de la producción de madera mayormente se remontan al debate sobre la implementación de la Ley General Forestal en 1996. A partir de ésta, las condiciones han cambiado y nuevas bases legales de forestería colectiva y comunitaria acompañan al conocido modelo de las concesiones forestales. El impacto en la economía local y nacional de prácticas prevalentes ilegales madereras ha evadido la investigación científica. El rol económico de los productos no maderables está escasamente documentado, como son los aspectos económico-ambientales del recurso forestal de Bolivia. Se debería establecer una estrecha colaboración interdisciplinaria entre las ciencias naturales y sociales para proveer útiles respuestas holísticas y extensas a empresarios y decisores políticos. Esta reseña concluye que la investigación sobre valor económico de los recursos del bosque es muy necesaria. Palabras clave: Valores de uso, Investigaciones económicas, Recursos forestales, Bolivia.

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Available from: Jette Bredahl Jacobsen, Jul 03, 2015
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