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GENERACIÓN ELECTROMAGNÉTICA Y TRANSMISIÓN INALÁMBRICA DE ENERGÍA ELÉCTRICA

ABSTRACT Resumen – En este trabajo se describen los criterios de diseño de sistemas de generación y transmisión de energía eléctrica en espacio libre a partir de distribuciones de cargas eléctricas móviles en solenoides y en antenas dipolo, aprovechando las condiciones de inducción electromagnética. Se deducen las ecuaciones que predicen la potencia eléctrica obtenida y se proponen diferentes estructuras de posibles montajes prácticos. Inicialmente se revisan los fundamentos teóricos de la radiación electromagnética de las cargas eléctricas en movimiento, posteriormente se proponen sistemas de generación de energía basados en dipolos magnéticos y eléctricos y de transmisión utilizando bobinas con núcleo de ferrita y antenas. La antena transmisora es rotatoria y la antena receptora está compuesta por dos dipolos extensibles. Finalmente se explican las posibles aplicaciones y las tendencias futuras. Palabras Clave — Cargas eléctricas, dipolos eléctricos y magnéticos, Ley de Faraday, transmisión de energía. Abstract — In this work to the criteria of design of generation systems and transmission of electrical energy in free space from distributions of movable electrical charges in solenoids and dipole antennas are described, taking advantage of the conditions of electromagnetic induction. The equations are deduced that predict the obtained electrical power and different structures from possible practical assemblies set out. Initially the theoretical foundations of the electromagnetic radiation of the electrical charges in movement are reviewed, later systems of transmission and energy generation set out based on magnetic dipoles and electrical using coils with ferrite nucleus and antennas. The transmitting antenna is rotatory and the receiving antenna is composed by two tensile dipoles. Finally the possible applications and the future tendencies are explained.

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