Article

A representação social da autonomia profissional do enfermeiro na saúde pública

Revista brasileira de enfermagem (Impact Factor: 0.25). 01/2005; 58:393-8. DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672005000400003

ABSTRACT RESUMO O objeto deste estudo foi a autonomia profissional do enfermeiro e possuiu os seguintes objetivos específicos: descrever e analisar as representações sociais do papel profissional dos enfermeiros de saúde pública e analisar o binômio autonomia-dependência profissional dos enfermeiros. Como referencial teórico-metodológico optou-se pela Teoria das Representações Sociais. Realizou-se entrevista em profundidade com 30 enfermeiros da rede básica de um município do interior do Rio de Janeiro. Para análise dos dados utilizou-se o software Alceste 4.5. O programa gerou cinco classes, duas expressam a formação/absorção profissional e três a prática profissional. As categorias analíticas foram constituídas a partir das dimensões nas quais as representações sociais se expressam: os conceitos, os posicionamentos e as práticas de autonomia profissional. Descritores: Autonomia profissional; Papel do profissional de enfermagem; Papel profissional; Enfermagem em saúde pública. ABSTRACT The object of this study was the nurse´s professional autonomy and had the following specific objectives: describe and analyze the social representations of the nursesrofessional role and analyze the professional autonomy-dependence binomial. As theoretical methodological reference it was chose the Social Representations Theory. It was proceeded in-depth interviews with 30 nurses of the basic health system from a county in Rio de Janeiro state. To the data analysis it was used the Alceste 4.5 software. The software generated five classes, two express the professional formation/absorption and three the professional. Practice. The analytical categories were constituted from the dimensions in which the social representations express themselves: the conceptions, the positions and the professional practices autonomy Descriptors: Professional autonomy; Nurse's role; Profesional role; Public health nursing.

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