La posibilidad de que un hogar pueda permitirse unas vacaciones está directamente relacionada con la renta que recibe y con la parte de ésta que puede destinar al consumo de servicios turísticos. Sin embargo, hogares con elevados ingresos, no pueden permitirse unas vacaciones ni siquiera una semana al año. Para muchos de estos hogares, la razón sigue siendo monetaria, tienen elevados ingresos pero no son capaces de generar dinero adicional para viajar o llegan a fin de mes con dificultad, es decir, tienen un nivel de gasto elevado. De esta manera, se evidencia que renta y gasto, son variables que desempeñan un importante papel en la posibilidad de viajar. Existen además otros factores socioeconómicos y demográficos que afectan en la decisión de consumir servicios turísticos. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo el análisis de todos estos determinantes microeconómicos que influyen en la posibilidad de participar en el mercado turístico.

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    ABSTRACT: Given Japan's role as one of the world's leading touristgenerating countries and its relatively low overseas travel propensities, travel forecasters believe that significant potential remains for increases in Japanese overseas travel. Yet, Japan's demographic transition into the world's fastest aging country could spell an end to the postwar boom in Japanese overseas travel. This article extends the research on the economic determinants of travel demand to explore the effects of demographic change. The authors, using pooled cross-section time-series data (1968-1995), show that age and cohort membership are significant determinants of Japanese international travel demand. Given reasonable assumptions about future real wage growth, labor force participation, and currency exchange rates, they demonstrate that increasing numbers of Japanese will travel abroad in the 21st century, although at a much slower pace. They also demonstrate the benefit of analyzing travel propensities for men and women separately.
    Journal of Travel Research 02/2000; 38(3):212-220. DOI:10.1177/004728750003800302 · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article is to review a large number of published empirical studies on modeling international tourism demand and to integrate their findings according to the important explanatory variables used (income, transportation costs, and tourism prices), the proportion of significant findings, and the effect sizes of these major explanatory variables. A meta-analysis of 70 articles is provided, the articles being selected on the basis of their t-statistics, standard errors, F-statistics, and sample sizes. The primary purpose of the meta-analysis is to enable general conclusions to be drawn from the major published empirical studies regarding the relationships between international tourism demand and income, transportation costs, and tourism prices.
    Journal of Travel Research 02/1999; 37(3):273-284. DOI:10.1177/004728759903700309 · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study focused on pleasure travelers’ perceived constraints to nature-based tourism. Eleven constraint statements were identified through a literature review and were chosen a priori to represent three types of constraint as outlined by Crawford, Jackson, and Godbey. The purpose of the study was to determine whether the three types of constraints (intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural) existed in the context of nature-based tourism. A confirmatory factor analysis using the EQS program was used to “confirm” that the data fit the three-constraint model. MANOVA was then employed to identify whether respondents differed in their perception of constraints based on demographic variables. The findings indicated that differences existed with regards to age and family life cycle stage.
    Journal of Travel Research 05/2002; 40(4):416-423. DOI:10.1177/0047287502040004008 · 1.58 Impact Factor
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