Antioxidant and antileukemic properties of selected fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) genotypes grown in western Canada

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Lethbridge, T1K 3M4, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
Canadian Journal of Plant Science (Impact Factor: 0.92). 01/2011; 91(1). DOI: 10.4141/cjps10025


2011. Antioxidant and antileukemic properties of selected fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) genotypes grown in western Canada. Can. J. Plant Sci. 91: 99Á105. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) is an annual forage legume known to have a number of important medicinal properties such as being anti-diabetic and hyperchloesterolaemic among others. In this study we have investigated the anti-oxidant and antileukemic properties of five fenugreek genotypes (L3068, L3375, Tristar, PI143504 and Amber) grown in western Canada for their potential use as nutraceuticals. Our preliminary experiments conducted in two different laboratories showed that the seeds grown in western Canada have anti-oxidant and antileukemic properties and the genotypes differ in the two traits studied. All the genotypes were found to be good scavengers for hydroxyl and free radicals. Among all the varieties, L3068 showed a higher EC 50 value i.e., lower inhibitory activity for lipid peroxidation than the standard catechin. Although all five extracts showed significant antioxidant activity, the crude extract of Tristar was the most effective. Out of the five cultivars of fenugreek, Amber and L3375 showed a robust antileukemic activity followed by Tristar. Hence we conclude that Tristar has the best potential among all the genotypes tested to be used as a future nutraceutical crop when grown in western Canada.

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Available from: Krishnendu Acharya, Oct 09, 2015
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    • "It is one of the oldest medicinal plants known and has long been recognized as a traditional medicine in Asia, Africa and Mediterranean countries (Mebazaa et al., 2009; Naidu et al., 2011). Current research on Fenugreek has shown that it contains active beneficial chemical constituents, including steroidal sapogenins (Taylor et al., 1997), dietary fiber (Naidu et al., 2011), galactomannans (Wu et al., 2009), antioxidants (Naidu et al., 2011), and amino acids such as 4-hydroxyisoleucine which possess anti-diabetic (Kumar et al., 2005), hypocholesterolemic and hypoglycemic properties (Meghwal et al., 2012) which have potential to be used in the treatment of antileukemic (Acharya et al., 2011), antipyretic (Bhatia et al., 2006), antinociceptive, antifertility activity, cure leprosy galactogogue (Bhalke et al., 2009; Khoja et al., 2011), obesity, diabetes and cancer (Thomas et al., 2011). One such active agent is the diosgenin, which inhibits azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci formation in F344 rats and induces apoptosis in HT-29 human colon "
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    ABSTRACT: Trigonella foenum in graecum (Fenugreek) is a traditional herbal plant used to treat disorders like diabetes, high cholesterol, wounds, inflammation, gastrointestinal ailments, and it is believed to have anti-tumor properties, although the mechanisms for the activity remain to be elucidated. In this study, we prepared a methanol extract from Fenugreek whole plants and investigated the mechanism involved in its growth-inhibitory effect on MCF- 7 human breast cancer cells. Apoptosis of MCF-7 cells was evidenced by investigating trypan blue exclusion, TUNEL and Caspase 3, 8, 9, p53, FADD, Bax and Bak by real-time PCR assays inducing activities, in the presence of FME at 65 μg/mL for 24 and 48 hours. FME induced apoptosis was mediated by the death receptor pathway as demonstrated by the increased level of Fas receptor expression after FME treatment. However, such change was found to be absent in Caspase 3, 8, 9, p53, FADD, Bax and Bak, which was confirmed by a time-dependent and dose-dependent manner. In summary, these data demonstrate that at least 90% of FME induced apoptosis in breast cell is mediated by Fas receptor-independently of either FADD, Caspase 8 or 3, as well as p53 interdependently.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The seeds of Macrotyloma uniflorum Lam. (Family Fabaceae) contain extractable total and tannins with reported hepatoprotective, hypocholesterolemic and antioxidant activity. In this study, dietary M. uniflorum seed, methanolic and acetone extracts (ME and AE) were examined for their bile-antilithogenic potential. Materials and Methods: Mice fed with 1% cholesterol and 0.5% cholic acid lithogenic (LG) diet for 8 weeks resulted in cholesterol super saturation in gallbladder bile, which promotes the formation of cholesterol gallstones (CGSs). Results: AE reduced the CGS incidence by 60.21%, and serum total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), very low density lipoprotein (LDL) and LDL compared to control animals. Seed extracts at 300 mg/kg dose markedly reduced biliary cholesterol (BC) and decreased bile salt content. The ratio of BC to phospholipid which was 2.64 in the LG diet group was reduced to 1.57–1.35 in the M. uniflorum seed extracts treated groups. Liver cholesterol and TG were decreased significantly by feeding of ME and AE at 300 mg/kg dose. AE significantly reversed the changes in apolipoproteins A-I and C-II level disturbed by LG diet. Conclusions: M. uniflorum seed exerted antilithogenic influence by decreasing the cholesterol hyper-secretion into bile and increasing the bile acid output, thus decreasing the formation of LG bile in mice. The effect was maximum in the AE as it also reduced papillary proliferation of gallbladder and fatty degeneration of the liver. The potential antilithogenic effect of the AE of M. uniflorum may be due to antioxidant property of its rich total polyphenol and tannins content.
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