Corporate Social Responsibility in Ghana: Lessons from the mining sector

Human Ecology Department, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, B-1090, Professor, Brussels

ABSTRACT Ghana is the second largest gold producer in Africa after South Africa, and the third largest African producer of aluminium metal and manganese ore and a significant producer of bauxite and diamond. Despite the huge revenue generated from mining activities, there is a growing unease amongst the population as regards the real benefits accruing to the country, especially the mining communities. The extremely generous fiscal and other incentives provided mining companies under the mining sector reforms add to fuel the existing anxieties of the population. Mining activities are having dire socio-economic and environmental impacts on the mining communities. Pressure is mounting on the government to manage the available natural resources in an efficient and sustainable manner. This paper provides a concise account of the growth and development dynamics of the mining industry in Ghana and assesses the impact of corporate social responsibility (CSR) policies and practices of the major mining companies in the country. It proposes a range of measures to promote, broaden, deepen and encourage corporate social responsibility governance in Ghana.

  • Source
    • "This is because of the numerous socio-economic benefits that accrue to the economy at large, and sometimes, the communities in particular. However, there is the perception that poverty and lack of sustainable development in mining communities and Ghana in general have been caused by the behaviour and operations of mining companies (Boon & Ababio, 2009). In the current study, mineral extraction and mining companies in Odumase and Teberebie were perceived to be responsible for the marginalisation of residents. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Natural resources have in many cases been found to be a curse to some nations that possess it instead of being a blessing. Civil wars, environmental and health hazards have been the outcome in many developing economies that are rich in different types of natural resources. This paper explores how some mining communities in Ghana have experienced detrimental effects resulting from the natural resource extraction. Informed by the interpretivist philosophy, this case study research employed in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and observations to collect data from the residents in Odumase and Teberebie communities in the Tarkwa-Nsuaem Municipality, in the Western Region of Ghana. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to select seventy-seven (77) respondents for the study. Data collected was transcribed, coded into themes and categories, and manually analysed. The study found that the mining communities are confronted with a number of environmental challenges, including pollution (air, water, soil, and noise), deforestation, abandoned mine pits, and dumping of rock waste on fertile agricultural lands. Residents have become vulnerable given the difficulty to access potable drinking water, fertile agricultural lands and inability to come out of poverty since their livelihoods have become unsustainable. It is recommended that collaborative efforts should be adopted by various stakeholders to sustainably manage the exploitation of mineral resources. Central and local governments’ policies and regulations regarding natural resource use, and in particular mining need to be enforced with local residents in mind.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The automotive industry is an important industry in manufacturing sector. This study shows a model to conduct an empirical study in Malaysian automotive industry in order to improve CSR performance. The aim of this study is to review structural analysis of ISO 26000 efforts and CSR performance in Malaysian automotive industry. This study is to review ISO 26000 standards effort (recognising social responsibility and stakeholder identification and engagement). The CSR performance in this study is focused on two main performance; environmental performance and social performance. This study also proposed structural relationship model between ISO 26000 efforts and CSR performance in Malaysian automotive industry. Based on the proposed research model, research hypotheses are being developed. This paper culminates with suggested future research work
    International Journal of Business Excellence 01/2014; 7(4):515-529. DOI:10.1504/IJBEX.2014.063564
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Environmental issues from the extractive industries and especially mining are prevalent and maleficent. An effective way to manage these pernicious environmental problems is through organizational practices that include the broader supply chain. Green supply chain practices and their role in mining industry strategy and operations have not been comprehensively addressed. To address this gap in the literature, and building upon literature in general green supply chain management and environmental decision tools, we introduce a comprehensive framework for green supply chain practices in the mining industry. The framework is categorized into six areas of practice, with detailed practices described and summarized. The green supply chain practices framework is useful for practical managerial decision making purposes such as programmatic evaluation. The framework may also be useful as a theoretical construct for empirical research on green supply chain practices in the mining industry. To exemplify the practical utility of the framework we introduce a multiple criteria evaluation of green supply programs using a novel multiple criteria approach that integrates rough set theory elements and fuzzy TOPSIS. Using illustrative data we provide an example of how the methodology can be used with the green supply chain practices framework for the mining industry. This paper sets the foundation for significant future research in green supply chain practices in the mining industry.
    Resources Policy 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.resourpol.2014.10.011 · 2.14 Impact Factor


Available from