Long-term duodenal levodopa infusion in Parkinson's disease: a 3-year motor and cognitive follow-up study.
ABSTRACT Duodenal infusion of levodopa/carbidopa gel (Duodopa) is an effective treatment option for advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). Long-term clinical experience up to 16 years suggests that the safety of this procedure is acceptable, while several observational studies showed that Duodopa reduces motor fluctuations and dyskinesias improving patients' quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study is to investigate the long-term motor and cognitive outcome of Duodopa treatment in advanced PD patients and its' impact on the QoL. Twenty-five consecutive PD patients were assessed using the Unified PD rating scale (UPDRS), a battery of neuropsychological tests, and the PD questionnaire (PDQ-39) at baseline and after a mean period of three years of Duodopa treatment. Seventeen out of 25 patients reached the follow-up evaluation; five patients discontinued Duodopa and three patients died of causes unrelated to drug infusion. Duodopa improved motor complications (UPDRS-IV) and quality of life (PDQ-39). A sub-group of subjects (41 %) developed a significant deterioration of cognitive functions over time. The most common adverse events were dislocation and the kinking of the intestinal tube. In conclusion, Duodopa therapy is effective in the long-term treatment of advanced PD patients. Continuous enteral levodopa infusion achieves a reduction of motor fluctuations and dyskinesias improving patients' QoL, despite the progression of PD motor symptoms and a significant decline in cognitive functions in a sub-group of patients.
- SourceAvailable from: Mariachiara Sensi[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Many studies confirmed the efficacy and safety of continuous infusion of intrajejunal levodopa/carbidopa gel (CIILG) for advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). Although this treatment is widely used, definite inclusion/exclusion criteria do not exist. In this prospective open-label study, we evaluated the long-term outcome in 28 consecutive patients and sought to detect any predictive factor to identify the best candidates for CIILG therapy. The assessment was carried out routinely at baseline, after 6 months and every year with UPDRS III-IV, FOG Questionnaire, non-motor symptoms scale, PD questionnaire (PDQ-8), cognitive and psychiatric status evaluation (MMSE, FAB, NPI) and caregiver's quality of life. 17/28 patients reached the 24-month follow-up. A statistically significant beneficial effect was shown on motor complications in short- and long-term follow-up, also on axial symptoms like gait disturbances. A concomitant improvement in PDQ8 score was observed, with a parallel mild amelioration, but not significant, on Caregivers QoL. When classified according to their outcome on QoL, the only predictive positive factor was less severe at Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) score at baseline. Considering the improvement in motor scores (duration of "off" period), the more advanced age was associated with a poorer outcome. Our results confirmed a sustained efficacy and safety in long-term follow-up and suggest that younger age at operation and absence or mild presence of psychiatric/behavioural symptoms could be considered valid predicting factors in selecting the best candidates for this efficacious therapy.Journal of Neural Transmission 01/2014; · 2.87 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Introduction: Levodopa is the most effective treatment for Parkinson's disease. After a number of years on treatment, fluctuations and dyskinesias may develop. Hence, invasive treatment measures are often needed (escalation therapy). Areas covered: Twenty years ago, a levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) that can be infused directly into the jejunum was developed. This provides for continuous dopaminergic stimulation. For the past 10 years, LCIG has been licensed in some countries and its marketing approval is pending in the USA. It is endowed with very good efficacy, and in studies, it has proven to be superior to oral drug treatment. Continuous dopaminergic stimulation is also assured, and fluctuations and dyskinesias are significantly reduced. However, this technique involves an invasive procedure with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and attendant surgical and postsurgical complications. Besides, there are problems related to the pump and tube. Vitamin deficiency and polyneuropathies are other drawbacks. Expert opinion: LCIG is a beneficial and very useful treatment option as escalation therapy for Parkinson's disease. While the side effects are not insignificant, they are justifiable in view of the severity of the disease. Attention must be paid, in particular, to malabsorption, with monitoring at baseline and in the course of treatment.Expert Opinion on Drug Safety 03/2014; · 2.74 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Many patients who have had Parkinson's disease (PD) for several years will present severe motor fluctuations and dyskinesias which require more aggressive therapies. The different approaches which are now available include deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus or medial globus pallidus, subcutaneous infusion of apomorphine, and intestinal infusion of levodopa-carbidopa. OBJECTIVE: To define the indications and results for the 3 available therapies for advanced PD. DEVELOPMENT: Exhaustive review of the literature concerning the indications and results of deep brain stimulation, subcutaneous apomorphine infusion and duodenal infusion of levodopa/carbidopa gel to treat patients with advanced Parkinson disease. CONCLUSIONS: Although numerous studies have confirmed the efficacy of the 3 different therapies in advanced PD, there are no comparative studies that would allow us to define the best candidate for each technique.Neurologia (Barcelona, Spain) 11/2013; 28(9):558-83. · 1.35 Impact Factor