Beneficial role of diosgenin on oxidative stress in aorta of streptozotocin induced diabetic rats.
ABSTRACT The present study was designed to investigate the beneficial role of diosgenin on oxidative stress markers and histopathological changes in aorta of streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced in experimental rats by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (55 mg/kg body weight (b.w.)). From the sixth week, experimental rats received diosgenin at different doses (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg b.w.) once daily for 4 weeks. At the end of the experimental periods, diabetic rats exhibited significant increase in the levels of plasma glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin with significant decrease in insulin and total hemoglobin. The activities of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione-S-transferase and the levels of reduced glutathione were decreased while increases in the levels of lipid peroxidation markers were observed in aortic tissues of diabetic rats. Oral administration of diosgenin to diabetic rats significantly decreased the plasma glucose and increased the insulin level based on a dose dependent manner. Diosgenin at a dose of 40 mg/kg b.w. was more pronounced effect than the other two doses and used for further studies. All the manifestations observed in diabetic rats were significantly reversed to near normal at a dose of 40 mg/kg b.w. of diosgenin. These findings suggest that diosgenin could have a beneficial role against aortic damage induced by oxidative stress in diabetic state, which was evidenced by the propensity of diosgenin to modulate the antioxidant defense and to decrease the lipid peroxidation in aorta.
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ABSTRACT: We studied the increased levels of hemoglobins AIa+Ib and AIc in five hospitalized diabetic patients to determine whether changes in diabetic control would cause parallel changes in the levels of these hemoglobins. Before control of diabetes the mean fasting blood sugar for all patients was 343 mg per deciliter (range, 280 to 450), and hemoglobin AIc concentration 9.8 per cent (range, 6.8 to 12.1). During optimal diabetic control the blood sugar concentration was 84 mg per deciliter (range, 70 to 100), and hemoglobin AIc concentration 5.8 per cent (range, 4.2 to 7.6). Hemoglobin AIc concentration appears to reflect the mean blood sugar concentration best over previous weeks to months. The periodic monitoring of hemoglobin AIc levels provides a useful way of documenting the degree of control of glucose metabolism in diabetic patients and provides a means whereby the relation of carbohydrate control to the development of sequelae can be assessed.New England Journal of Medicine 09/1976; 295(8):417-20. · 51.66 Impact Factor
- New England Journal of Medicine 09/1976; 295(8):443-4. · 51.66 Impact Factor
- Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/1974; 249(22):7130-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor