Early childhood education: Its policy formulation and implementation in Nigerian educational system

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations 04/2011; 5:159-163.


This paper dealt with childhood education as a preparatory step for primary education, a starting point for the child's general development and the foundation of Nigerian education system, using the mother tongue as a means of communication and as medium of instruction. The paper emphasized that if pre-primary education is to serve its purposes as stated in the National Policy of Education in Nigeria amongst others for making the children to have an effective smooth transition from the home to the school and prepare the child for the primary level of education, then it should be well supervised, staffed, equipped, financed and coordinated. To achieve this, this policy requires political will, determination, transparency, accountability and steadfastness and a close interface between policy formulation and implementation.

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    ABSTRACT: Aims: This study attempted to examine the types and extent of occupational stress of caregivers in early childhood centres. Study Design: Descriptive survey design. Place and Duration of Study: Oyo State, Nigeria, between January 2010 and March, 2011. Methodology: To accomplish this aim, questionnaires (Caregivers Stress Index CSI) were administered on 500 early childhood caregivers from 11 local government areas through a multistage sampling technique. Out of which 426 questionnaires were returned useful and valid for the study. Results: Using mean rating points, the survey orderly ranked workload-related, administration-related, professional career-related and children-related stress as the types of job-related stress experienced. It also established that colleagues-related stress, workload-related stress, and pupil- related stress are usually experienced by early childhood caregivers. Conclusion: Demands of early childhood education centers and pressure have contributed to increasing caregivers’ crises. Job-related activities in early childhood include potential difficulties which have impacted on caregivers’ performance. The study, hence, recommends that greater attention and policy towards improving the quality of early childhood education in Nigeria.