Identification of antibiosis and tolerance in rice varieties carrying brown planthopper resistance genes

Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (Impact Factor: 1.71). 12/2011; 141(3). DOI: 10.1111/j.1570-7458.2011.01192.x

ABSTRACT Brown planthopper (BPH) [Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae)] is a major pest in rice [Oryza sativa L. (Poaceae)] production. Identification of resistance genes and development of BPH-resistant varieties is an economical and effective way to control this pest. In this study, BPH honeydew excretion, survival rate, and emergence rate were used as indicators to detect the antibiotic level, whereas the relative growth rates of plant height (R H) and fresh weight (R W), and the number of days until yellowing were used to identify the level of tolerance to BPH in rice varieties. Rice varie-ties Swarnalata and B5, which showed high levels of antibiosis and tolerance to BPH, thus were highly resistant in the seedling bulk test; Mudgo and T12, which showed moderate resistance to the insects, had a high level of tolerance and moderate antibiosis to BPH. Varieties Rathu Heenati, ARC 10550, and Chin Saba were identified to be susceptible to BPH, showing a moderate level of tolerance and no antibiosis. In comparison to the evaluation methods of BPH resistance, the honeydew excretion and survival rate could be used to detect the antibiotic level, and the R H , R W , or leaf yellowing days could be employed as indicators to evaluate the rice varieties' tolerance. Overall, a combined applica-tion of these indicators can effectively identify the levels of antibiosis and tolerance to BPH in rice varieties, and BPH-resistance levels of the varieties were mainly determined by the antibiosis level. The results should help in understanding BPH-resistance categories of rice varieties and for resistance breeding.

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    ABSTRACT: The brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål; BPH) is one of the most serious rice pests worldwide. Growing resistant varieties is the most effective way to manage this insect, and wild rice species are a valuable source of resistance genes for developing resistant cultivars. BPH27 derived from an accession of Guangxi wild rice, Oryza rufipogon Griff. (Accession no. 2183, hereafter named GX2183), was primarily mapped to a 17-cM region on the long arm of the chromosome four. In this study, fine mapping of BPH27 was conducted using two BC1F2 populations derived from introgression lines of GX2183. Insect resistance was evaluated in the BC1F2 populations with 6,010 individual offsprings, and 346 resistance extremes were obtained and employed for fine mapping of BPH27. High-resolution linkage analysis defined the BPH27 locus to an 86.3-kb region in Nipponbare. Regarding the sequence information of rice cultivars, Nipponbare and 93-11, all predicted open reading frames (ORFs) in the fine-mapping region have been annotated as 11 types of proteins, and three ORFs encode disease-related proteins. Moreover, the average BPH numbers showed significant differences in 96–120 h after release in comparisons between the preliminary near-isogenic lines (pre-NILs, lines harboring resistance genes) and BaiR54. BPH growth and development were inhibited and survival rates were lower in the pre-NIL plants compared with the recurrent parent BaiR54. The pre-NIL exhibited 50.7 % reductions in population growth rates (PGR) compared to BaiR54. The new development in fine mapping of BPH27 will facilitate the efforts to clone this important resistant gene and to use it in BPH-resistance rice breeding.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 09/2012; 126(1). · 3.51 Impact Factor

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