The terdiurnal tide in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere over Wuhan (30◦ N, 114◦ E)

Earth Planets and Space (Impact Factor: 2.92). 01/2005; 57:393-398.

ABSTRACT Winds measured by an all-sky meteor radar have been used to investigate the terdiurnal tide in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region over Wuhan (30.6 • N, 114.4 • E). We present a climatology of the terdiurnal tide at low-mid latitude site during the period of April 2002 to December 2004. The terdiurnal peak is distinct in the long-term power spectrum of the wind. The monthly and seasonal mean maximum amplitudes have values of 7 m/s and 5 m/s, respectively. The short-term amplitudes can occasionally reach up to 30 m/s, and at times the terdiurnal tide is as large as the diurnal and semidiurnal ones. It seems that the meridional component is more regular than the zonal one. An obvious annual variation is observed in the meridional phases with a phase leading in winter than that in summer. The annual variation for the terdiurnal tidal amplitude is not obvious, and is variable from year to year in our observations. This seasonal trend is slightly different from earlier studies at other locations.

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    ABSTRACT: This article proposes a technique to map the tidal winds in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region from the observations of a four-station meteor radar chain located at middle- and low-latitudes along the 120°E meridian in the Northern Hemisphere. A 1 month dataset of the horizontal winds in the altitude range of 80-100 km is observed during December 2011. We first decompose the tidal winds into mean, diurnal, semidiurnal, and terdiurnal components for each station. It is found that the diurnal/semidiurnal components dominate at the low-latitude/midlatitude stations. Their amplitudes increase at lower altitudes and then decrease at higher altitudes after reaching a peak in the MLT region. Hough functions of the classical tidal theory are then used to fit the latitudinal distribution of each decomposed component. The diurnal component is found to be dominated by the first symmetric (1, 1) mode. Yet for the semidiurnal and terdiurnal components, the corresponding dominant modes are the second symmetric modes (2, 4) and (3, 5), and considerable contributions are also from the first antisymmetric modes (2, 3), (3, 4) and second antisymmetric modes (2, 5), (3, 6). Based on the decomposed results, we further map the horizontal winds in the domains of latitude, altitude and local time. The mapped horizontal winds successfully reproduce the local time versus altitudinal distributions of the original observations at the four stations. Thus, we conclude that the meteor radar chain is useful to monitor and study the regional characteristics of the tidal winds in the MLT region.
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