The relationship between culture and corruption: A cross-national study

DeGroote School of Business, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
Journal of Intellectual Capital 01/2009; 10(1). DOI: 10.1108/14691930910922978


Purpose – This paper aims to investigate the relationship between the GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behaviour Effectiveness) project national cultural dimensions of values and practices and the Corruption Perception Index (CPI). Design/methodology/approach – Most empirical research on culture dimensions and corruption is based on Hofstede's dataset of culture conducted more than 25 years ago. Evidence from a more recent dataset of culture dimensions is needed before current generalizations can be made. The GLOBE project is based on the perceptions of 18,000 individuals. Findings – The results provide empirical support for the influence of uncertainty avoidance values, human orientation practices, and individual collectivism practices on the level of corruption after controlling for economic and human development, which, in turn, adds to the efforts to build a general theory of the culture perspective of corruption. Research limitations/implications – The findings offer valuable insights on why cultural values and cultural practices should be distinguished as they relate to corruption. Practical implications – International policy makers as well as managers at multinational corporations can benefit from the findings of this research study. Originality/value – The research reported is among the first to investigate the issue of corruption from the perspective of national cultural values and practices.

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    • "As the institutional environment comprises a socio-economic and a political dimension (Jones, 1999; Whitley, 1999), a large variety of factors can be utilized for its specification. Based on previous findings (Alence, 2004; Globerman & Shapiro, 2002; Lalountas et al., 2011; Meadowcroft, 2007; Seleim & Bontis, 2009), we selected determinants that have been shown to positively affect governance and CSR measures taken by firms. Companies located in more economically and socially advanced countries, as well as in countries with higher levels of transparency and lower levels of corruption, are more likely to acknowledge the importance of CSR reporting. "
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    • "Sanyal (2005) found that higher cultural values of power distance and masculinity contribute to more bribe taking. Also, the Seleim and Bontis (2009) study found that the cultural dimensions of uncertainty avoidance, humane orientation, and collectivism related to corruption. Some studies showed that the national policies (Cuervo-Cazurra, 2006) such as economic freedom of a country (Graeff & Mehlkop, 2003), GNP per capital (Husted, 1999), and historical development of a nation (Triesman, 2000) are all related to corruption. "
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the bribing behavior of firms, we developed a cross-level moderation model using agency theory at the firm level and anomie theory at the societal level to investigate the relationship between manager control of firms and firm bribery activity. The results of this cross-cultural analysis using a sample of 1,799 firms from 38 nations showed that at the firm level, manager-controlled firms (MCFs) have a higher propensity to bribe than shareholder-controlled firms. At the country level, bribery is higher in MCFs (relative to shareholder-controlled firms) in societies with a low level of institutional collectivism, a high level of uncertainty avoidance, economic change, and income inequality. Contrary to the hypothesis, the relationship between bribery and manager control is stronger rather than weaker in societies with press freedom. Implications for future research and practices are discussed. © 2015 The International Association for Chinese Management Research.
    Management and Organization Review 06/2015; 11(2):343-365. DOI:10.1017/mor.2015.16 · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    • "The results how that both government agency sand private organizations, organizational culture administrative system was effective in administrative health system improvement and stories and organizational patters, the strongest component and traditional values, have been the weakest cultural element sin reduction of administrative corruption. Seleim and Bontis (2009) in a study entitled "The relationship between culture and corruption: a cross-national study", that have done based on Haftsed`s cultural model, stated that lack of confidence increase levels of corruption. Thus, policymakers need to recognize the system of formal mechanisms, such as incentive system sand make promoting flexibility. "
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    ABSTRACT: The appearance of administrative corruption have long antiquity as human life and it`s relation with development of political system is direct that appearance can lead to disorderliness in political system of a country. In a corrupt administrative system, employees have their exclusive situation in service exhibit. And with their occupation commerce which this action prevents the growth of health competition and social justice in addition to damaging development. But existence and improvement the level of administrative health in society can decrease administrative corruption and also eliminate that in long time. Therefore in present study we consider the role of administrative health improvement in the economic growth and development and creation of economic saga. The approach used in this research is a kind of attributive researches according to nature and goal that is descriptive and analytical. The results of research show that lack of discrimination and corruption can increase social affiance, improve social norms, respect rule and decrease the motivation for doing criminal actions in persons. It means when social affiance feeling developed in society; it can be a field for many programs based on permanent development. The improvement of administrative health increases the level of social services especially for poor and low income persons, decrease the life expenses and prices, and increase social and economic growth and etc. economic advancement and growth and society provide the field for creation of economic saga.
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