Suppression of IL-8 production in gastric epithelial cells by MUC1 mucin and peroxisome proliferator-associated receptor-γ.

Dept. of Pediatrics, Univ. of Maryland School of Medicine, 655 W. Baltimore St., BRB 13-029, Baltimore, MD 21201. .
AJP Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology (Impact Factor: 3.74). 07/2012; 303(6):G765-74. DOI: 10.1152/ajpgi.00023.2012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT MUC1 is a membrane-tethered mucin expressed on the apical surface of epithelial cells. Our previous report (Guang W, Ding H, Czinn SJ, Kim KC, Blanchard TG, Lillehoj EP. J Biol Chem 285: 20547-20557, 2010) demonstrated that expression of MUC1 in AGS gastric epithelial cells limits Helicobacter pylori infection and reduces bacterial-driven IL-8 production. In this study, we identified the peroxisome proliferator-associated receptor-γ (PPARγ) upstream of MUC1 in the anti-inflammatory pathway suppressing H. pylori- and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-stimulated IL-8 production. Treatment of AGS cells with H. pylori or PMA increased IL-8 levels in cell culture supernatants compared with cells treated with the respective vehicle controls. Prior small interfering (si)RNA-induced MUC1 silencing further increased H. pylori- and PMA-stimulated IL-8 levels compared with a negative control siRNA. MUC1-expressing AGS cells pretreated with the PPARγ agonist troglitazone (TGN) had reduced H. pylori- and PMA-stimulated IL-8 levels compared with cells treated with H. pylori or PMA alone. However, following MUC1 siRNA knockdown, no differences in IL-8 levels were seen between TGN/H. pylori and H. pylori-only cells or between TGN/PMA and PMA-only cells. Finally, TGN-treated AGS cells had increased Muc1 promoter activity, as measured using a Muc1-luciferase reporter gene, and greater MUC1 protein levels by Western blot analysis, compared with vehicle controls. These results support the hypothesis that PPARγ stimulates MUC1 expression by AGS cells, thereby attenuating H. pylori- and PMA-induced IL-8 production.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MUC1-C oncoprotein is associated with colon, breast, ovarian, lung and pancreatic cancers. MUC1-C interacts with intracellular proteins to elicit signaling cascades that induce cell proliferation and tumor growth. Here we report that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), an E3 ubiquitin ligase, is an inhibitor of MUC1-C-mediated cell proliferation. PPARγ does so by binding to and inducing MUC1-C proteasome-dependent degradation that was independent of PPARγ transcriptional activity. Lys134 residue was found to be critically important for PPARγ-mediated MUC1-C degradation, as it terminated MUC1-C-mediated cell proliferation. These findings demonstrate PPARγ induces MUC1-C ubiquitination and degradation that is critical to terminate MUC1-C signaling pathway-elicited cancer.Oncogene advance online publication, 2 December 2013; doi:10.1038/onc.2013.504.
    Oncogene 12/2013; 33(49). DOI:10.1038/onc.2013.504 · 8.56 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the major malignant diseases worldwide, especially in Asia. It is classified into intestinal and diffuse types. While the intestinal-type GC (IGC) is almost certainly caused by Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection, its role in the diffuse-type GC (DGC) appears limited. Recently, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on Japanese and Chinese populations identified chromosome 1q22 as a GC susceptibility locus which harbors mucin 1 gene (MUC1) encoding a cell membrane-bound mucin protein. MUC1 has been known as an oncogene with an anti-apoptotic function in cancer cells; however, in normal gastric mucosa, it is anticipated that the mucin 1 protein has a role in protecting gastric epithelial cells from a variety of external insults which cause inflammation and carcinogenesis. HP infection is the most definite insult leading to GC, and a protective function of mucin 1 protein has been suggested by studies on Muc1 knocked-out mice.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 05/2014; 15(5):7958-73. DOI:10.3390/ijms15057958 · 2.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori infection of the stomach is associated with the development of gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric adenocarcinomas, but the mechanisms are unknown. MUC1 is aberrantly overexpressed by more than 50% of stomach cancers, but its role in carcinogenesis remains to be defined. The current studies were undertaken to identify the genetic mechanisms regulating H. pylori-dependent MUC1 expression by gastric epithelial cells. Treatment of AGS cells with H. pylori increased MUC1 mRNA and protein levels, and augmented MUC1 gene promoter activity, compared with untreated cells. H. pylori increased binding of STAT3 and MUC1 itself to the MUC1 gene promoter within a region containing a STAT3 binding site, and decreased CpG methylation of the MUC1 promoter proximal to the STAT3 binding site, compared with untreated cells. These results suggest that H. pylori upregulates MUC1 expression in gastric cancer cells through STAT3 and CpG hypomethylation.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2014; 445(1). DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2014.01.142 · 2.28 Impact Factor