Suppression of IL-8 production in gastric epithelial cells by MUC1 mucin and peroxisome proliferator-associated receptor-γ.
ABSTRACT MUC1 is a membrane-tethered mucin expressed on the apical surface of epithelial cells. Our previous report (Guang W, Ding H, Czinn SJ, Kim KC, Blanchard TG, Lillehoj EP. J Biol Chem 285: 20547-20557, 2010) demonstrated that expression of MUC1 in AGS gastric epithelial cells limits Helicobacter pylori infection and reduces bacterial-driven IL-8 production. In this study, we identified the peroxisome proliferator-associated receptor-γ (PPARγ) upstream of MUC1 in the anti-inflammatory pathway suppressing H. pylori- and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-stimulated IL-8 production. Treatment of AGS cells with H. pylori or PMA increased IL-8 levels in cell culture supernatants compared with cells treated with the respective vehicle controls. Prior small interfering (si)RNA-induced MUC1 silencing further increased H. pylori- and PMA-stimulated IL-8 levels compared with a negative control siRNA. MUC1-expressing AGS cells pretreated with the PPARγ agonist troglitazone (TGN) had reduced H. pylori- and PMA-stimulated IL-8 levels compared with cells treated with H. pylori or PMA alone. However, following MUC1 siRNA knockdown, no differences in IL-8 levels were seen between TGN/H. pylori and H. pylori-only cells or between TGN/PMA and PMA-only cells. Finally, TGN-treated AGS cells had increased Muc1 promoter activity, as measured using a Muc1-luciferase reporter gene, and greater MUC1 protein levels by Western blot analysis, compared with vehicle controls. These results support the hypothesis that PPARγ stimulates MUC1 expression by AGS cells, thereby attenuating H. pylori- and PMA-induced IL-8 production.
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ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the major malignant diseases worldwide, especially in Asia. It is classified into intestinal and diffuse types. While the intestinal-type GC (IGC) is almost certainly caused by Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection, its role in the diffuse-type GC (DGC) appears limited. Recently, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on Japanese and Chinese populations identified chromosome 1q22 as a GC susceptibility locus which harbors mucin 1 gene (MUC1) encoding a cell membrane-bound mucin protein. MUC1 has been known as an oncogene with an anti-apoptotic function in cancer cells; however, in normal gastric mucosa, it is anticipated that the mucin 1 protein has a role in protecting gastric epithelial cells from a variety of external insults which cause inflammation and carcinogenesis. HP infection is the most definite insult leading to GC, and a protective function of mucin 1 protein has been suggested by studies on Muc1 knocked-out mice.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2014; 15(5):7958-73. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: More than half of the world's population is infected with Helicobacter pylori, which is strongly linked to the development of chronic gastric inflammation (gastritis), peptic ulcer disease, and stomach cancer. However, for unknown reasons, the vast majority of infected individuals are asymptomatic beyond histologic inflammation. This review article will summarize current knowledge on the molecular mechanisms of H. pylori colonization of the gastric mucosa, with a particular focus on the biochemistry of MUC1 mucin in the host response to bacterial infection.Journal of pediatric biochemistry. 07/2012; 2(3):125-132.
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ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori infection of the stomach is associated with the development of gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric adenocarcinomas, but the mechanisms are unknown. MUC1 is aberrantly overexpressed by more than 50% of stomach cancers, but its role in carcinogenesis remains to be defined. The current studies were undertaken to identify the genetic mechanisms regulating H. pylori-dependent MUC1 expression by gastric epithelial cells. Treatment of AGS cells with H. pylori increased MUC1 mRNA and protein levels, and augmented MUC1 gene promoter activity, compared with untreated cells. H. pylori increased binding of STAT3 and MUC1 itself to the MUC1 gene promoter within a region containing a STAT3 binding site, and decreased CpG methylation of the MUC1 promoter proximal to the STAT3 binding site, compared with untreated cells. These results suggest that H. pylori upregulates MUC1 expression in gastric cancer cells through STAT3 and CpG hypomethylation.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2014; · 2.28 Impact Factor